benefits of oranges
. Oranges are one of the most popular fruits around the world. While they are delightful as a snack or as a recipe ingredient, for many Americans, it is their juice that is most associated with good health, having a reputation for being an integral part of a healthy breakfast.Oranges are round citrus fruits with finelytextured skins that are, of course, orange in color just like their pulpy flesh. They usually range from about two to three inches i
. Oranges originated thousands of years ago in Asia, in the region from southern China to Indonesia from which they spread to India. Although Renaissance paintings display oranges on the table in paintings of The Last Supper, the assumption that they were grown in this region at this time seems to be erroneous since oranges were not cultivated in the Middle East until sometime around the 9th century.
. Insecticide sprays are widely applied over orange crops. Therefore, it is recommended to wash the fruits in cold running water before use. Organic orange fruits are devoid of these chemicals and are best suited for zest preparation.
Helps Prevent Cancer
. Oranges are rich in citrus limonoids,proven to help fight a number of varieties of cancerincluding that of the skin, lung, breast, stomach and colon. Orange fruit juice is a well cherished drink all over the world. However, raw fruits are considered wholesome than their juice in terms of antioxidant benefits. Soluble and insoluble fiber content is also lessened to a great degree in the juice.
Prevents Kidney Diseases
. Drinking orange juice regularly prevents kidney diseases and reduces the risk of kidney stones. Drink juice in moderate amounts. The high sugar content of fruit juices can cause tooth decay and the high acid content can wear away enamel if consumed in excess.
Reduces Risk of Liver Cancer
. According to two studies in Japan eating mandarin oranges reduces liver cancer.This may be due in part to vitamin A compounds known as carotenoids. If you wish to go for fresh orange juice, then prepare it yourself at home instead of commercial drinks that may contain preservatives and artificial colorants. Bring the fruit to room temperature if kept in the refrigerator.
. Since theyandre full of soluble fiber, oranges are helpful in lowering cholesterol. Oranges are round citrus fruits with finelytextured skins that are, of course, orange in color just like their pulpy flesh; the skin can vary in thickness from very thin to very thick. Oranges usually range from approximately two to three inches in diameter.
Boosts Heart Health
. Oranges are full ofpotassium, an electrolyte mineral is responsible for helping the heart function well.When potassium levels get too low, you may develop an abnormal heart rhythm, known as an arrhythmia. Orange fruit contains a variety of phytochemicals. Hesperetin, naringin, and naringenin are flavonoids found in citrus fruits. Naringenin is found to have a bioactive effect on human health as antioxidant, free radical scavenger, antiinflammator
Lowers Risk of Disease
. Oranges are full of vitamin C which protects cells by neutralizing free radicals. Free radicals cause chronic diseases, like cancer and heart disease. Orange fruit also contains a very good amount of minerals like potassium and calcium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure through countering sodium actions.
Fights Against Viral Infections
. Studies show that the abundance of polyphenols in oranges protects against viral infections. Juicy and sweet and renowned for its concentration of vitamin C, oranges make the perfect snack and add a special tang to many recipes; it is no wonder that they are one of the most popular fruits in the world. Oranges are generally available from winter through summer with seasonal variations depending on the variety.
. Oranges are full of dietary fiber which stimulates digestive juices and relieves constipation. Sweet and juicy to taste, orange is one of the most popular fruits in India as well as the world. Belonging to a group of citrus fruits called hesperedium, oranges have more health benefits than one.
Helps Create Good Vision
. Oranges are rich in carotenoid compounds which are converted to vitamin A and help prevent macular degeneration. Choline is an important nutrient found in oranges that helps with sleep, muscle movement, learning and memory. Choline also helps to maintain the structure of cellular membranes, aids in the transmission of nerve impulses, assists in the absorption of fat and reduces chronic inflammation.
Regulates High Blood Pressure
. The flavonoid hesperidin found in oranges helps regulate high blood pressure and the magnesiumin oranges helps maintain blood pressure. Oranges should be picked at their peak of ripeness because unlike some other fruits, they do not ripen or improve in quality after being picked. Oranges should be stored at room temperature, away from direct sunlight.
. Oranges are full of betacarotene is a powerful antioxidant protecting the cells from being damage which also protects the skin from free radicals and prevents the signs of aging. Add some orange slices to your salad at lunch or dinner. Compliment the oranges with walnuts or pecans, a crumbled cheese and a light balsamic or citrus vinaigrette dressing.
Oranges Alkalize the Body
. Oranges are acidic before you digest them, they contain many alkaline minerals that help to balance out the body after they are digested. In this respect, they are similar to lemons which are one of the most alkaline foods available. Consumption of foods rich in vitamin C helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful, proinflammatory free radicals from the blood.
Provides Smart Carbs
. Oranges like all fruits have simple sugars in them, but the orange has a glycemic index of 40. Anything under 55 is considered low. This means as long as you donandt eat a lot of oranges at one time, they wonandt spike your blood sugar and cause problems with insulin or weight gain.
. Oranges have so many benefits and I consider them aPowerfood. They have a wealth of nutrients including vitamin C, vitamin A precursors,calcium,potassium, and pectin. For a complete list of its nutrients and calories go tocalories in an orange.
. They are a tropical to semitropical, small evergreen flowering trees growing to about 5 to 8 meters tall.Evergreen means they produce flowers and fruit all the same time.Oranges are either sweet or bitter but as we know most of us eat only the sweet oranges. The most popular sweet varieties are Valencia, Navel, Persian variety and blood orange.
. Insecticide is sprayed over orange crops. It is important to at the very least wash the oranges in cold running water before use. Better is to wash them in a fruit and vegetable rinse.Organic orangesdo not have these chemicals and are best suited for zest preparation. For those susceptible to foodborne illness, you may need to avoid drinking unpasteurized or freshsqueezed juice that could contain bacteria. Try sticking to pasteurized juices.
Preparation and Serving tips
. It is simple to eat a fresh orange anytime or anywhere. Be sure to wash them under running water to remove surface dirt and any pesticide residues, then peel the skin and yum! Making fresh orange juice at home is so easy and much better than those commercial drinks that may contain preservatives and artificial coloring.Oranges will produce more juice when warmer, so always juice them when they are at room temperature.You can roll the orange under
Nutritional breakdown of oranges
. One medium orange (approximately 154 grams) contains 80 calories, 0 grams of fat, 250 milligrams of potassium, 19 grams ofcarbohydrate(14 grams of sugar and 3 grams of dietary fiber) as well as 1 gram of protein.One orange provides 130 percent of your vitamin C needs for the day, 2 percent of vitamin A needs, 6 percent of calcium and 0 percent of iron.
. According to the American Heart Association, eating higher amounts of a compound found in citrus fruits like oranges and grapefruit may lower ischemicstrokerisk for women. Those who ate the highest amounts of citrus had a 19 percent lower risk of ischemic stroke than women who consumed the least.
. The fiber, potassium, vitamin C and choline content in oranges all support heart health. An increase in potassium intake along with a decrease in sodium intake is the most important dietary change that a person can make to reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease, according to Mark Houston, M.D, M.S, an associate clinical professor of medicine at Vanderbilt Medical School and director of the Hypertension Institute at St. Thomas Hospital in Ten
. Studies have shown that type 1 diabetics who consume highfiber diets have lower blood glucose levels and type 2 diabetics may have improved blood sugar, lipids and insulin levels. One medium banana provides about 3 grams of fiber.
. The antioxidant vitamin C, when eaten in its natural form (as in an orange) or applied topically, can help to fight skin damage caused by the sun and pollution, reduce wrinkles and improve overall skin texture. Vitamin C plays a vital role in the formation of collagen, the support system of your skin
Boosts your immunity
. A single orange can meet more than 100% of your daily requirement of Vitamin C. This vital nutrient helps improve your immunity, keeping you free from diseases and infections. Here are some moreimmunity boosting foods.Oranges also contain very good levels of vitamin A, and other flavonoid antioxidants such as alpha and betacarotenes, betacryptoxanthin, zeaxanthin and lutein.
Good for your skin
. As we grow older, our skin along with other body parts suffers from free radical damage. This process is similar to how metals rust after exposure to air. Even though it is inevitable, oranges are packed with antioxidants and Vitamin C which slows down the process and makes you look younger than your age! Besides oranges, you caneat these fruits and vegetables for glowing skin!
Great for your eyes
. Along with our skin, our eyes too suffers from damage as we grow older. Oranges are rich in nutrients like Vitamin A, Vitamin C and potassium which are great for your eyes. So, if you want your vision to be just as good as it is now, eat an orange every day!
Prevents heart disease
. One of the reasons why people get heart disease is because their arteries are blocked due to unhealthy lifestyles and consumption of junk food. Oranges have flavonoids like hesperidin which reduces cholesterol and prevents your arteries from getting blocked. This, in turn protects you from heart attack and various other cardiovascular diseases. Alternatively, you couldtry these 8 natural cholesterol busters.
Helps in brain development
. Folate and folic acid present in oranges promote brain development and keep the vital organ in mint condition. In fact, these nutrients also make orange a healthy fruit for pregnant woman as it prevents the baby from having neurological disorders later.
Keeps you free from stomach ulcers
. Oranges are a very good source of fibre which helps keep your stomach and intestines healthy. A diet rich in fibre will ensure that you are not affected with ailments like stomach ulcers and constipation. Orange fruit also contains a very good amount of minerals like potassium and calcium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure through countering sodium actions.
Improves the quality of your sperm
. Death is inevitable, but our legacy may live on through our offspring. The antioxidants and Vitamin C present in most fruits, including oranges improves the quality and motility of your sperm thus keeping you fertile. You can also trythese foods to make your sperm a champion swimmer!
Great for diabetics
. People who have diabetes are unable to absorb glucose since the betacells present in their pancreas either fail to produce insulin or the bodyands cells are unable to respond to the insulin produced. Oranges are high in fibre and have a high glycaemic index which makes it a good food option for diabetics. Also worth mentioning is that good oranges have a sweet taste, and since diabetics arenandt allowed to eat sweets or other sugary foods, they c
Prevents hair loss
. Orange has high Vitamin C content which is required for producing collagen which, in turn, is responsible for keeping the tissues in your hair together. Nobody likes bald patches on their head, and eating oranges can ensure that you do not have to part with your lovely hair as you grow older.
. Orange fruit season begins from October and lasts until February. Mature fruits are generally harvested from the tree using machines, and thus may sustain minor, superficial injuries. Such small abrasions, however, on the fruit surfacesusually do not influence the quality of the fruit.
. Oranges can be kept at room temperature for a week or so. They can keep well for up to two weeks inside the fruit/vegetable compartment of the home refrigerator. Keep them loose in the fruit container and place in the cool area away from excessive moisture as they tend to get mold infection early. Store freshly squeezed orange juice inside the freezer compartment for later use.
Oranges Healing Phytonutrients
. The healing properties of oranges have been associated with a wide variety of phytonutrient compounds. These phytonutrients includecitrus flavanones(types of flavonoids that include the moleculeshesperetinandnaringenin),anthocyanins,hydroxycinnamic acids, and a variety ofpolyphenols. When these phytonutrients are studied in combination with oranges
Antioxidant Protection and Immune Support
. Oranges are an excellent source ofvitamin Cbut do you know just how important vitamin C and oranges are for good health? Vitamin C is the primary watersoluble antioxidant in the body, disarming free radicals and preventing damage in the aqueous environment both inside and outside cells. Inside cells, a potential result of free radical damage to DNA is cancer. Especially in areas of the body where cellular turnover is especially rapid, such as the
A Glass of Orange Juice More Protective
. Consuming vitamin C supplements does not provide the same protective benefits as drinking a glass of orange juice, shows research by Italian researchers in the Division of Human Nutrition at the University of Milan, Italy (Guarnieri S, Riso P, et al., British Journal of Nutrition).
Protection against Cardiovascular Disease
. The World Health Organizations recent draft report, Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Disease, concludes that a diet that features citrus fruits also offers protection against cardiovascular disease due to citrus fruits
A Very Good Source of Fiber
. Oranges health benefits continue with their fiber, which has been shown to reduce high cholesterol levels thus helping to prevent atherosclerosis. Fiber can also help out by keeping blood sugar levels under control, which may help explain why oranges can be a very healthy snack for people with diabetes. In addition, the natural fruit sugar in oranges, fructose, can help to keep blood sugar levels from rising too high after eating.
Prevent Kidney Stones
. Drink orange juice. A study published in theBritish Journal of Nutritionfound that when women drank 1/2 to 1 litre of orange, grapefruit or apple juice daily, their urinary pH value and citric acid excretion increased, significantly dropping their risk of forming calcium oxalate stones.
Help Prevent Ulcers and Reduce Risk for Stomach Cancer
. An orange a day may help keep ulcers away, according to a study published in theJournal of the American College of Nutrition. In this study, researchers evaluated data from over 6,000 adults enrolled in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Study participants with the highest blood levels of vitamin C had a 25% lower incidence of infection withHelicobacter pylori(H. pylori), the bacterium responsible for causing peptic ulcer
Protect Respiratory Health
. Consuming foods rich in betacryptoxanthin, an orangered carotenoid found in highest amounts in oranges, corn, pumpkin, papaya, red bell peppers, tangerines, and peaches, may significantly lower ones risk of developing lung cancer.It is also a very good source of Bcomplex vitamins such as thiamin, pyridoxine, and folates
Protection Against Rheumatoid Arthritis
. New research published in theAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutritionadds to the evidence that enjoying a daily glass of freshly squeezed orange juice can significantly lower your risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis. . It is scientifically established fact that citrus fruits, especially oranges, by virtue of their abundance in vitamins, antioxidants, and minerals, have many proven health benefits.
Tips for Preparing Oranges
. Oranges can be eaten as a snack
How to Enjoy
. Healthy saut
. Oranges are an excellent source of vitamin C. They are also a very good source of dietary fiber. In addition, oranges are a good source of B vitamins including vitamin B1, pantothenic acid, and folate as well as vitamin A, calcium, copper, and potassium.
In Depth Nutritional Profile
. In addition to the nutrients highlighted in our ratings chart, an indepth nutritional profile forOrangesis also available. This profile includes information on a full array of nutrients, including carbohydrates, sugar, soluble and insoluble fiber, sodium, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, amino acids and more.
Optimal Heart Function
. Oranges provide potassium, an electrolyte mineral responsible for normal heart function. Potassium works with other electrolytes, including calcium, magnesium and sodium, to carefully maintain fluid levels both in and around cells. Steady fluid balance allows electricity to conduct through your system, making your heart beat.
Lower Risk of Disease
. Oranges, and other citrus fruits, are chockfull of vitamin C. One of the roles of vitamin C is to protect cells by neutralizing free radicals. When free radicals build up in your body, they cling to healthy cells, causing permanent damage. Free radicals cause chronic diseases, like cancer and heart disease.
Damaged sperm repair
. An orange a day is sufficient for a man to keep his sperm healthy. Vitamin C, an antioxidant, protects sperm from genetic damage that may cause a birth defect. A high intake of flavonoids and vitamin C has been known to halve the risk of heart diseases.
Viral infections protection against
. The abundance of polyphenols have been shown to provide protection against viral infections. Oranges can be stored at room temperature for up to two weeks or stored loosely in the refrigerator. Do not store wrapped to prevent moisture and mold.
Oranges for the Common Cold
. Oranges are high in vitamin C, and in spite of the popular belief that vitamin C is able to cure the common cold, the scientific evidence does not support the idea. There is however evidence supporting vitamin C for the prevention of colds in athletes.
Oranges for Weight Loss
. Fibers in the white layer of an orange can suppress hunger for as much as 4 hours after consuming. Research shows that individuals who eat fruit like oranges have a tendency to eat less at subsequent meals in comparison to those who consume snacks like chips, snack crackers, candy or desserts.
It is helpful in inflammatory conditions
. Various vitamin contents like Vitamin C are known as a powerful antioxidant forhuman body. Orange has the ability to reduce oxidant injuries. It provides resistance power against infectious agents.Vitamin C protects the body against harmful and proinflammatory free radicals present inblood. As we know citrus fruits are rich in Vitamin C, orange is the best for the source of Vitamin C.
Good for antiaging
. Presence of bioactive compound like Narigenin which is a good antioxidant and antiinflammatory and a good immune system provider helps in neutralizing the effect of free radicals and the unstable oxygen molecules in human body. These neutralizing effects clears the sign of aging like scars, wrinkles giving you the perfectskinletting you feel the glow and sparkle of your skin. This nutritional benefit of orange is more useful for aging women .
Orange juice absorbs medicines in the body
. One of the very good health benefit of orange juice is that it helps in absorbing the biochemical and physiological effects of medicines which help you cure your disease in a faster processes thus helping in absorbing medicines by the body. Orange fruit also contains a very good amount of minerals like potassium and calcium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure through counte
Oranges control heartbeat and blood pressure
. Large number of mineral present in orange helps to control theheartrate stable and moderate.The minerals are like potassium and calcium controls the sodium action in the human body and maintains blood pressure and heart beat.Oranges contain fiber with fat free, sodium free and cholesterol free properties keep your heart healthy.
Orange peels lower blood sugar level
. Orange peels contain low sugar percentage affect blood sugar levels. Diabetes and metabolic syndrome patients should take Glycemic load lower. This nutritional benefit of orange is useful for diabetic patients. Orange fruit also contains a very good amount of minerals like potassium and calcium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure through countering sodium actions.
Contains Healing Properties
. One of the top health benefits of orange juice is its healing properties. Oranges contain flavonoids (like naringenin and hesperidin), which are antiinflammatory stuffs. When you consume this yummy fruit in raw or juice form, the flavonoids work amazingly to treat the arthritis and heal the stiffness and pain.
Benefits for Treating and Preventing Ulcers
. Ulcers generally appear in the small intestine and stomach. The occurrence of ulcers sometimes becomes a major reason of constipation because in this case, the consumed food particles canandt break down properly. The orange juice is very advantageous in treating and preventing ulcers. It also stimulates the digestive system.
Makes the Skin beautiful and Young Looking
. The antioxidant properties of orange juice make the skin fresh, beautiful and younglooking by preventing the aging effects. In addition, the antioxidants with the combination of vitamin C protect the skin cells from getting effected by free radicals. Thus, taking one serving of orange juice each day is a best way to maintain the freshness and attraction of skin for long time. Orange juice for skin is a blessing with no disguise at all!
Provides Vitamin C
. Drinking at least two glasses of orange juice per day increases the vitamin C concentration within the body by 40 to 64 percent, according to the said study published in the September 2003 andThe American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
Protects Against Inflammation
. The intake of glucose and highfat meals induces the development of inflammatory reactions within the body. Inflammatory reactions lead to the development of increased insulin resistance, a common cause of Type 2 diabetes and atherosclerosis, the hardening of blood vessel walls due to fat deposition.
. Boil handful of dried orange peels, cinnamon and cardamom in water. This will freshen up your mood and air in the house. You will simply love the tangy smell. They can even be rubbed on florescent lights for air freshening. This is one of the many orange peel uses.
For Bath Oil
. Add a little grounded and dried orange peel or if possible its oil for stimulating the skin. This is an effective way to use orange peel for skin. orange peels actually contain way more vitamin C than the orange pulp itself? 100 grams of orange peels contain 136mg of vitamin C, while the fleshy inside part beneath the peel has only as much as 70mg!
Orange peel for Eat It
. There are number of ways of consuming orange peel to add flavour to your food. You can add it as zest, boil for garnish, etc. Try searching for its recipes on internet. Vitamin C not only combats free radicals that destroy functioning skin cells but also helps add a glowing shine to your skin which is a great use of orange peels for skin.
Orange peel for Face
. Orange Peel is considered as a boon for face and skin care as it cures blackheads, dead cells, acne, pores, blemishes, dark circles, dry skin, and brightens your face. It can also be applied with milk or curd for extra glow or for removing tan. Also rub your nails with its peel for shine.
. Orange Peel is effective against mosquitoes. Apply this before leaving outside to prevent mosquito bites. Orange trees are the most cultivated fruit trees in the world. Oranges are a popular fruit because of their natural sweetness, wide variety of types and diversity of uses from juices and marmalades to face masks and candied orange slices.
. Mix grinded Orange Peel with water and leave it overnight. Apply this onto the hair to get rid of dandruff. This also helps to condition and cleanse. Oranges also contain thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, pantothenic acid, phosphorus, magnesium, manganese, selenium and copper. Because of their high vitamin C content (over twice the daily need) oranges are associated with boosting the immune system.
. Orange Peel is very helpful in reducing chances of constipation. It also helps in reducing gas, heartburn and vomiting. It will also help in proper liver functioning. There are many different types of oranges available such as navel, mandarin, cara cara, blood oranges, Valencia and Seville oranges just to name a few. Some are very sweet and others have more of a sour taste.
. There are also orange tea flavours available in market, which has many medicinal purposes. Add some orange slices to your salad at lunch or dinner. Compliment the oranges with walnuts or pecans, a crumbled cheese and a light balsamic or citrus vinaigrette dressing.
. Orange peel is also used as aroma therapy. It can treat headache, anxiety, and depression. It is the total diet or overall eating pattern that is most important in disease prevention and achieving good health. It is better to eat a diet with variety than to concentrate on individual foods as the key to good health.
. Chew an orange peel rather than a gum or a mouth freshener to cure bad breath. Betablockers, a type of medication most commonly prescribed for heart disease, can cause potassium levels to increase in the blood. High potassium foods such as oranges and bananas should be consumed in moderation when taking betablockers.
. Mix orange peel and salt in boiling water for 20 mins. Drink it once it cools to reduce hangover. Many cosmetics and beauty products today have orange peel extract in them. Whatands so special about orange peels? Orange peels contain a wide variety of nutrients and phytonutrients that are very potent in healing many skin conditions.
. It may be surprising to find that calcium is actually very good for skin. In fact, the upper most layer of the skin has the largest amount of calcium. Even though 100g of orange peels contain only 161 mg of calcium, it meets a significant 16% of the recommended dietary value.
. Orange peels are a rich source of dietary fiber, particularly pectin. The dietary fiber provided by 100 grams orange peels is 28% of the recommended dietary allowance. Research shows that drying orange peels actually increases the production of pectin.
Acne be Gone
. Pimples come up when excess dirt, soot or bacteria block your skin pores. How do orange peels help? Orange peels help to clean out your skin by extracting dirt from deep inside the pores. An excellent way of using orange peels for skin is by creating a simple face mask by grinding orange peels to a paste and applying it over the face, will not only keep acne at bay but also remove skin oiliness.
Orange Peels for Skin whitening
. Orange peels are a natural bleacher and can help lighten dark blotches on the skin and effectively remove them with time. Whatands more is that orange peels help reduce suntans besides deflecting harmful UV rays from attacking skin cells. Take care to dilute the orange peel paste when creating a face mask because you donandt want to burn your skinthe peels contain a lot of citric acid.
Say no to wrinkles
. The powerful antioxidants in oranges fight off oxygen free radicals that deprive healthy skin cells of oxygen by stealing oxygen molecules from them. These free radicals play a significant role in creating wrinkles in skin and also lead to sagging of cheeks. The significant amount of calcium in orange peels is also very effective for protecting against premature aging of the skin.
Tone your Skin
. The abundant vitamin c and antioxidants in orange peels maintain the oils of the skinpreventing both very oily and dry skin. Applying orange peels on skin helps remove dead cells, dirt and keeps the skin well moisturized and toned. Additionally, calcium contributes to antioxidant production that reverses dry skin into looking healthy and glowing.
Inhibits Lung Cancer
. Two compounds in orange peel may protect against lung cancer. A 2009 study conducted at the Department of Food Science at the University of Massachusetts found polymethoxyflavones contained in the peel of sweet oranges inhibited the growth of cancer cells of the lung. Another compound, called liminoid, might also be responsible for preventing cancer of the lung as well as cancer of the stomach, colon and breast.
. Orange peel extract is an ingredient used in a variety of health and beauty products, ranging from cold medicines to bath and body products. One notable product has shown to help with smoking cessation. According to Medical News Today, a scientifically proven nicotine gum, with dried orange peel as one of the ingredients, helps break down and remove nicotine from the body.
Orange fruit and cross section
. Allcitrus treesbelong to the singlegenusCitrusand remain almost entirelyinterfertile. This means that there is only onesuperspeciesthat includesgrapefruits,lemons,limes, oranges, and various other types and hybrids. As the interfertility of oranges and other citrus has produced numerous hybrids, bud unions, andcultivars, theirtaxonomyis fairly controversial, confusing or inconsistent. The fruit of any citrus tree is considered ahesperidium(a kind