Mobsea Logo
Home

Caves of the first period

Ajanta Caves

<
^
>

Caves of the first period

The earliest group of caves consists of caves 9, 10, 12, 13 and 15A. According to Walter Spink, they were made during the period 100 BCE to 100 CE, probably under the patronage of the Satavahana dynasty (230 BCE c. 220 CE) who ruled the region. Other datings prefer the period 300 BCE to 100 BCE, though the grouping of the earlier caves is generally agreed. More early caves may have vanished through later excavations. Of these, caves 9 and 10 are stupa halls of chaitya griha form, and caves 12, 13, and 15A are viharas (see the architecture section below for descriptions of these types). The first phase is still often called the Hinayana phase, as it originated when, using traditional terminology, the Hinayana or Lesser Vehicle tradition of Buddhism was dominant, when the Buddha was revered symbolically. However the use of the term Hinayana for this period of Buddhism is now deprecated by historians; equally the caves of the second period are now mostly dated too early to be properly called Mahayana, and do not yet show the full expanded cast of supernatural beings characteristic of that phase of Buddhist art. The first Satavahana period caves lacked figurative sculpture, emphasizing the stupa instead, and in the caves of the second period the overwhelming majority of images represent the Buddha alone, or narrative scenes of his lives.


<
^
>

Shopping In Ajanta
The Discovery
Architecture
Iconography of the caves
Paintings
Best Time to Visit
History
Caves 9 10
Caves of the later period
Caves of the first period
Exploring the Caves
How to Reach Ajanta by Flight
More ...


Test your English Language
Benefits of Bamboo Shoots
Rules to play Synchronized Swimming
New Year Wishes
Naturally Beautiful
The Best bits of Brazil
Weird English Movie Names
Most Photogenic and breathtaking places in the world
Rules to play 15 Ball Pool
Awesome Gifts For Christmas
How To Build or Rebuild Trust
Intriguing Lost Cities Around the World
Daily Meditation can Improve your Life
Tips to successful Relationship
Way To Wakeup
What to Eat in Kerala
Crazy Facts About The Universe
Crazy iPhone Accessories
Crazy Things You Will Only Find In Japan