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Cathode ray oscilloscope

Precautions while using Cathode Ray Oscilloscope

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Cathode ray oscilloscope

The cathode ray oscilloscope CRO is a common laboratory instrument that provides accurate time and aplitude measurements of voltage signals over a wide range of frequencies. Its reliability, stability, and ease of operation make it suitable as a general purpose laboratory instrument. The heart of the CRO is a cathode ray tube shown schematically.
The cathode ray is a beam of electrons which are emitted by the heated cathode negative electrode and accelerated toward the fluorescent screen. The assembly of the cathode, intensity grid, focus grid, and accelerating anode positive electrode is called an electron gun. Its purpose is to generate the electron beam and control its intensity and focus. Between the electron gun and the fluorescent screen are two pair of metal plates one oriented to provide horizontal deflection of the beam and one pair oriented ot give vertical deflection to the beam. These plates are thus referred to as the horizontal and vertical deflection plates. The combination of these two deflections allows the beam to reach any portion of the fluorescent screen. Wherever the electron beam hits the screen, the phosphor is excited and light is emitted from that point. This coversion of electron energy into light allows us to write with points or lines of light on an otherwise darkened screen.


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Single channel operation
Use of the ac dc function
measurement of frequency
Measuring a simple signal
Horizontal sweep section
Some simple oscilloscope experiments
Phase measurement using lissajous patterns
Measurements of voltage
Connecting the cro to the circuit
Cathode ray tube
Precautions
Trigger
More ...


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Precautions while using Cathode Ray Oscilloscope
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