rivers of india

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Koshi river

Rivers of India

The river systems provide irrigation, potable water, cheap transportation, electricity.
Koshi river

The Koshi or Kosi River drains the northern slopes of the Himalayas in Tibet Autonomous Region (T.A.R.) and the southern slopes in Nepal. From a major confluence of tributaries north of the Chatra Gorge onwards, the Kosi River is also known as Saptakoshi for its seven upper tributaries including the Tamur Koshi originating from Mt. Kanchenjunga in the east, Arun Koshi from Mt. Everest in Tibet, and Sun Koshi from Mt. Gosainthan farther west. The Sun Kosi and Arun originate in the T.A.R. and cross into Nepal; then from Nepal the main stem crosses into northern Bihar, branching into distributaries before joining the Ganges near Kursela in Katihar district.The Saptakoshi is 720 km (450 mi) long and drains an area of about 61,000 km2 (24,000 sq mi) in Tibet, Nepal and Bihar. In the past, several authors proposed that the river has shifted its course for more than 133 km (83 mi) from east to west during the last 200 years. But a review of 28 historical maps dating 1760 to 1960 revealed a slight eastward shift for a long duration, and that the shifting was random and oscillating in nature.The river basin is surrounded by ridges which separate it from the Yarlung Tsangpo River in the north, the Gandaki in the west and the Mahananda in the east. The river is joined by major tributaries in the Mahabharat Range approximately 48 km (30 mi) north of the IndoNepal border. Below the Siwaliks, the river has built up a megafan some 15,000 km2 (5,800 sq mi) in extent, breaking into more than twelve distinct channels, all with shifting courses due to flooding. Kamal?, B?gmati (Kareh) and Budhi Gandak are major tributaries of Koshi in India, besides minor tributaries such as Bhutahi Bal?n.Its unstable nature has been attributed to the heavy silt it carries during the monsoon season and flooding in India has extreme effects. Fishing is an important enterprise on the river but fishing resources are being depleted and youth are leaving for other areas of work.

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Koshi river
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