Major Wars Of 20th Century
The 20th century was dominated by wars and conflicts.
61. Ikhwan Revolt
Years 1929 1930 Battle deaths 5,500 The Ikhwan Revolt had begun in 1927, when elements of the Ikhwan, the radical irregular tribesmen of Arabia, undermined the authority of Ibn Saud and begun raiding neighbouring Iraq and Kuwait. The relations between the House of Saud and the Ikhwans deteriorated into an open bloody feud in December 1928. The main perpetrators of the rebellion were crushed in the Battle of Sabilla, on 29 March 1929. Ikhwan tribesmen and Saudi government troops clashed again in the Jabal Shammar region in August 1929, and Ikhwan tribesmen attacked the Awazim tribe on October 5, 1929. Faisal al Dawish, one of the main leaders of the rebellion and the leader of Mutair tribe, fled to Kuwait in October 1929. Government troops had finally suppressed the rebellion on January 10, 1930, when other Ikhwan rebel leaders surrendered to the British. In the aftermath, the Ikhwan leadership was slain, and the remains were eventually incorporated into regular Saudi units. Sultan bin Bajad, one of the three main Ikhwan leaders, was killed in 1931, while al Dawish died in prison in Riyadh on October 3, 1931.
62. Communists vs Koumintang
Years 1930 1935 Battle deaths 500,000 During the Agrarian Revolution, Communist Party activists retreated underground or to the countryside where they fomented a military revolt (Nanchang Uprising on August 1, 1927), combined the force with remnants of peasant rebels, and established control over several areas in southern China. Attempts by the Nationalist armies to suppress the rebellion were unsuccessful but extremely damaging to the Communist forces.A Communist leader addressing Long March survivors.After Chiang Kai shek had foiled the coup to oust him launched by Feng Y
63. Brazilian Revolt
Years 1932 1932 Battle deaths 1,000 By 1934 Vargas would develop in response what Thomas E. Skidmore and Peter H. Smith called a legal hybrid between the regimes of Mussolinis Italy and Salazars Portuguese Estado Novo, copied repressive fascist tactics, and conveyed their same rejection of liberal capitalism, but attained power baring few indications of his future quasi fascist polices.Changing conditions forced Vargas to eventually abandon the arrangements of the provisional government (1930 34), characterized by a path of social reformism that appeared to favor the generally left wing of his revolutionary coalition, the tenentes.Opposition from the right, however, marked Vargas earliest moves away from the social reformism of his early years. A conservative insurgency in 1932 was the key turning point. After the July 1932 constitutionalist revolt a veiled attempt by the paulista coffee oligarchs to retake the central government Vargas tried to recover support of the landed elites, including the coffee growers, in order to establish a new alliance of power. The revolt reacted to Vargas appointment of Jo
64. El Salvador La Matanza
Years 1932 1932 Battle deaths 2,600 The violence in El Salvador dates back to the 1930s and the coffee oligarchy (los catorce), which at that time was led by the countrys fourteen richest families, owning 90% of the land. Under the leadership of Agustin Farabundo Mart
65. Chaco War
Years 1932 1935 Battle deaths 92,661 The Chaco War (1932 1935) was fought between Bolivia and Paraguay over control of the arid Chaco Boreal region of South America. Though the region was sparsely populated, control of the Paraguay River running through it would have given one of the two landlocked countries access to the Atlantic Ocean. This was especially important to Bolivia, which had lost its Pacific Ocean coast to Chile in the War of the Pacific (1883). Furthermore, the discovery of oil in the Andean foothills sparked speculation that the Chaco itself would be a rich source of petroleum. In international arbitration, Bolivia argued that the region had been part of the original Spanish province to which Bolivia was heir. Meanwhile, Paraguay had begun to cultivate the region, making it the worlds largest producer of mate, while the small indigenous population of Guarani Indians was related to that countrys own Guarani population. Finally, Paraguay had also lost almost half of its territory to Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina in the War of the Triple Alliance and was not prepared to see what it perceived as its last chance for a viable economy fall victim to Bolivia.Border skirmishes throughout the late 1920s culminated in an all out war in 1932, when the Bolivian army, following the orders of the President Daniel Salamanca, attacked a Paraguayan garrison at Vanguardia.
The war was a disaster for both sides. Bolivias European elite forcibly enlisted the large indigenous population into the army, though they felt little connection to the nation state. While Paraguay was able to foment nationalist fervor among its predominantly mixed population, its soldiers were ill prepared for the dearth of water or the harsh conditions of terrain and climate they encountered. In fact, of the wars 100,000 casualties, more died from diseases such as malaria and other infections than from the actual fighting. At the same time, the war brought both countries to the brink of economic disaster. In addition, on November 27, 1934, Bolivian generals frustrated by the progress of the war seized President Salamanca while he was visiting their headquarters in Villamontes and replaced him with the vice president, Jose Luis Tejada Sorzano.By the time a ceasefire was negotiated on June 12, 1935, Paraguay had seized control over most of the region. This was recognized in a 1938 truce, signed in Argentina, by which Paraguay was awarded three quarters of the Chaco Boreal. Some years later it was found that there were no oil resources in the Chaco proper.Many middle class Bolivians were humiliated by Bolivias quick military defeat during the Chaco War, which led to a mass movement away from the traditional order known as the GeneraciOn del Chaco, which was epitomized by the MNR led Revolution of 1952.
66. World War II
Years 1939 1945 Battle deaths 50,000,000 World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theaters, and costing approximately 50 million lives. The war was fought mainly between an alliance of the British Commonwealth, France, the United States, the Soviet Union, and China collectively known as the Allies; and the Axis Powers, an alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan. Most of the fighting occurred in the Atlantic theater in and around Europe, and in the Pacific theater in the Pacific and East Asia.
The war was significant in that it was the first war in which air power was a significant factor. Indeed, the first combat operation in World War II was a German bombing attack against Poland, while the last combat operation was the American atom bomb attack against Nagasaki. The war also saw the re emergence of the United States from its isolationism, the destruction and rebuilding of Germany and Japan into major industrial powers, and the emergence of the United States and the Soviet Union as global superpowers. The war also directly led to the United Nations, which was founded by the victorious Allies in order to prevent such a large and destructive conflict from ever again happening.
67. Chinese Civil War
Years 1945 1950 Battle deaths 1,200,000 The Chinese Civil War was a conflict in China between the Kuomintang (the Nationalist Party; KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CPC). It began with the takeover of the KMT by the right wing General Chiang Kai shek and purges of leftist and Communist members in 1926 and ended in 1949 with an unofficial cessation of major hostilities, with the Communists controlling mainland China and the Nationalists controlling Taiwan, Penghu, and several outlying Fujianese islands.
68. Taiwanese revolt
Years 1947 1947 Battle deaths 1,250 The 228 Incident, also known as the 228 Massacre, was an anti government uprising in Taiwan that began on February 27, 1947 and was violently suppressed by the Kuomintang (KMT) government. Estimates of the number of deaths vary from ten thousand to thirty thousand or more. The Incident marked the beginning of the Kuomintangs White Terror period in Taiwan, in which thousands more Taiwanese vanished, were killed, or imprisoned. The number 228 refers to the day the massacre began February 28, or 02 28.
69. Paraguayan Gvt vs Rebels
Years 1947 1947 Battle deaths 1,000 The Allied victory (in World War II) convinced Mor
70. Telangana Rebellion and Indo Hyderabad War
Years 1947 1948 Battle deaths 5,210 This article is about the events related to Hyderabad War Telenganans vs Razakars, 1947 48 and Indo Hyderabad War in 1948. Telangana Rebellion The Telangana Rebellion or Vetti Chakiri Movement also known as Telangana Raithanga Sayudha Poratam was a peasant rebellion against the feudal lords of the Telangana region and later against the princely state of Hyderabad between 1946 and 1951. Operation Polo Operation Polo, the code name of the Hyderabad Police Action was a military operation in September 1948 in which the Indian Armed Forces invaded the State of Hyderabad and overthrew its Nizam, annexing the state into the Indian Union. The conflict began after Nizam Osman Ali Khan, Asif Jah VII decided not to join the princely State of Hyderabad to either India or Pakistan after the partition of India. The Nizams defiance was backed by Qasim Razvis armed militias, known as Razakars and had the moral support of Pakistan. After a stalemate in negotiations between the Nizam and India, mass killing and rape of the Hindu population by Razakars, and wary of a hostile independent state in the centre of India, Deputy Prime Minister Sardar Patel decided to annex the state of Hyderabad. He sent the Indian Army and the Hyderabad State Forces were defeated within five days.
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