dams in india

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Dams in India

There are many important dams and barrages in India .
51. Mandira Dam
Mandira dam is located near Kansbahal in Sundergarh district, Odisha, India. It is built across Sankh river, located 16 km upstream from Mandira. The water from the dam is used for Rourkela Steel Plant. Construction of the dam began after 1957. The dam displaced 2400 families and only 843 were resettled.
52. Jalaput Dam
The Jalaput Dam is a hydroelectric dam built on the Machkund River, a tributary of the Godavari River[1] in India which rises in the Mudugal hills of Visakhapatnam District and nearby Ondra Gadda it becomes the boundary between Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. For over 48 km the river runs nearly north along a meandering course through the Padwa Valley. About 48 km south of Jeypore, it winds westward along the edge of the Plateau and then suddenly tums at a short angle to the southwest down a steep descent popularly known as Duduma Falls. Jalaput Dam (and Reservoir) impounds 34.273 TMC of water for the needs of down stream 120 MW Machkund HydroElectric Scheme (MHES), which is in operation since 1955. The dam and the MHES are the joint projects of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha states. The existing six number power generation units have become old and obsolete compared to latest technology. It is much economical to install a new hydroelectric scheme with a 15 km long tunnel utilizing nearly 400 meters available level drop between Jalaput reservoir and the existing Balimela Reservoir back waters. There is also possibility to install huge capacity Pumpedstorage hydroelectricity station for the needs of peaking power utilising high high water level drop. This reservoir will serve as upper pond and existing Balimela reservoir as tail pond for installing Pumpedstorage hydroelectricity units. Thus this reservoir water can be put to use more productively. The existing MHES[2] can also be kept in operation by diverting the surplus water from the nearby upper Kolab reservoir[3] into the Machkund river basin by joining with nearly 4 km long tunnel. This would facilitate to utilise excess water from the upper Kolab reservoir for enhanced electricity generation in MHES and downstream Balimela power house by using nearly 200% more availabile head in Sileru river basin before putting finally for irrigation use.
53. Waghur Dam
Waghur Dam, is an earthfill dam on Local river near Nandgaon, Jalgaon district in the state of Maharashtra in India. Waghur river from its source near Ajanta flows through the Khandesh region. This major irrigation project taken up by the Water Resources Department of Maharashtra was started in the year 1978. The main purpose of the dam is to supply water to Jalgaon city and also for irrigation purposes. Right bank and left bank canals have been built to cater to the irrigation needs of the farmers. The year 2006 a historical rainfall in the catchment area of Waghur was recorded. Nearly 40 TMC water overflew in 2006.[citation needed] As of 2008, there is storage capacity of 4 TMC in the reservoir with the 20 spillway gates erected increasing the storage to 11.5 TMC next year. The project will cater drinking water need of 500 thousand souls and irrigation water to 64,000 acres (260 km2) of drought prone fields. The work of right and left bank canal is in under progress.
54. Varasgaon Dam
Varasgaon is a dam on the Mose river which supplies water to city of Pune, Maharashtra, India. It is situated on Mose river. It is also called Veer Baaji Pasalkar Dam. It is one of the three major dams which provide water to Pune city. It is located around 40 km from Pune city. The Panshet dam is adjacent to Varasgaon dam, and together both have become a popular picnic spots. During the monsoon or just after monsoon the hills around are lush green with plenty of waterfall. Water sports are also played in this dam.
55. Ujjani Dam
Ujjani Dam, also known as Bhima Dam or Bhima Irrigation Project, on the Bhima River, a tributary of the Krishna River, is an earthfill cum Masonry gravity dam located near Ujjani village of Madha Taluk in Solapur district of the state of Maharashtra in India. The Bhima River, which originates in Bhimashankar of the Western Ghats, and forms the Bhima Valley with its tributary rivers and streams, has twentytwo dams built on it of which the Ujjani Dam is the terminal dam on the river and is the largest in the valley that intercepts a catchment area of 14,858 km2 (5,737 sq mi) (which includes a free catchment of 9,766 km2 (3,771 sq mi)). The construction of the dam project including the canal system on both banks was started in 1969 at an initial estimated cost of Rs 400 million and when completed in June 1980 the cost incurred was of the order of Rs 3295.85 million.
56. Radhanagari Dam
Radhanagari Dam, is a gravity dam on Bhogawati river near Radhanagari in State of Maharashtra in India. This is the first ever built dam in india .Dam construction was initiated by visionary Rajarshi Shahu on 18 February 1907. Dam is being used for irrigation as well as hydroelectricity power generation. Dam is located amidst scenic surrounding in the backdrop of thick forest cover.
57. Panshet Dam
Panshet Dam, also called Tanajisagar Dam, is a dam on the Ambi river about 50 km southwest of the city of Pune in western India. The dam was constructed in late 1950s for irrigation and, along with three other dams nearby, Varasgaon, Temghar and Khadakwasla, it supplies drinking water to Pune. Panshet Dam burst in its first year of storing water on 12 July 1961, when the dam wall burst, because of the total absence of the ubiquitous reinforced cement concrete (RCC), causing massive flooding in Pune. An estimated 1000 people died from the resulting flood.
58. Kolkewadi Dam
Kolkewadi Dam or Kolkiwadi Dam is a dam located in the Konkan region, Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra, India. It is located in Kolkiwadi, three kilometres near the village of Alore, near Chiplun. The dam is part of the Koyna Hydroelectric Project. It contributes in the 3rd stage of power generation of the Koyna Hydroelectric Project. The electricity is generated in the underground power station located at the base of the dam. The total installed generating capacity of the 3rd stage of the project is 320 MW. The project is run by the Maharashtra State Electricity Board, also known as the MSEB. The area behind the dam is one of the most sparsely populated areas in the state.
59. Jayakwadi Dam
The Jayakwadi project is one of the largest irrigation projects in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is a multipurpose project. The water is used mainly to irrigate agricultural land in the droughtprone Marathwada region of the state. It also provides water for drinking and industrial usage to nearby towns and villages and to the municipalities and industrial areas of Aurangabad and Jalna district. The surrounding area of the dam has a garden and a bird sanctuary.

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