Mobsea Logo
Home

Bharatiya Janata Party

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

<
^
>

Bharatiya Janata Party

Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Bihari also spelled Behari (born December 25, 1924, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India), leader of the pro Hindu Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and twice prime minister of India (1996; 1998?2004).Vajpayee was first elected to Parliament in 1957 as a member of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS), a forerunner of the BJP. In 1977 the BJS joined three other parties to form the Janata Party, which led a government that lasted until July 1979. As foreign minister in the Janata government, Vajpayee earned a reputation for improving relations with Pakistan and China. In 1980, following a split in the Janata Party, Vajpayee helped the BJS to reorganize itself as the BJP. In 1992 he was one of the few Hindu leaders to speak out against the destruction of the historic mosque at Ayodhya by anti Muslim extremists.

Vajpayee was sworn in as prime minister in May 1996 but was in office only 13 days, after failing to attract support from other parties. In early 1998 he again became prime minister, in elections in which the BJP won a record number of seats, but he was forced to make a shaky alliance with regional parties. In 1999 the BJP increased its seats in Parliament and consolidated its hold on government.Although considered a pragmatist, Vajpayee assumed a defiant posture in the face of Western criticism of Indias testing of several nuclear weapons in 1998. He had earlier been praised for his conciliatory gestures toward Indias Muslim minority. In 2000 his government began an extensive program of divestment of public funds from several key state run industries. In 2002 Vajpayees government was criticized for its slowness in reacting to riots in Gujarat in which some 1,000 people (primarily Muslims) died. Nevertheless, in 2003 Vajpayee made a concerted effort to resolve Indias long running feud with Pakistan over the Kashmir region. Under his leadership, India achieved steady economic growth, and the country became a world leader in information technology, though the poorer elements of Indian society often felt left out of the economic prosperity. In 2004 his coalition was defeated in the parliamentary election, and he resigned from office.


<
^
>

2001 attack on Parliament
Indian Airlines hijack
2002 Gujarat violence
Travel and diplomatic assignments
Later career
Personal Life Legacy
As prime minister of India
Awards Achievements
Major Works
Biography
Personal life and interests
personal background
More ...


Test your English Language
Healthy Throat
Rules to play Hot Air Ballooning
Delicious Cookie Recipes
Sachin Tendulkar
Benefits of Pomegranates
The Summer Vacation Tips
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Famous Nurses Who Made History
Weird Places On Earth
Best Pokemon
Benefits of Strawberries
Most Beautiful Eyes In The World
Rules to play Petanque
Google Search Tips
Mirabai
How To Do Nail Art At Home
How to Get a PhD
How to Improve English