. Chinese embroidery refers to embroidery created by any of the cultures located in the area that makes up modern China. It is some of the oldest extant needlework. The four major regional styles of Chinese embroidery are suzhou embroidery (su Xiu), Hunan embroidery (Xiang Xiu), Guangdong embroidery (Yue Xiu) and sichuan embroidery (shu Xiu). All of them are nominated as Chinese Intangible Cultural Heritage.
. Assisi embroidery is a form of counted thread embroidery based on an ancient Italian needlework tradition in which the background is filled with embroidery stitches and the main motifs are outlined but not stitched. The name is derived from the Italian town of Assisi where the modern form of the craft originated.
. Bargello is a type of needlepoint embroidery consisting of upright flat stitches laid in a mathematical pattern to create motifs. The name originates from a series of chairs found in the Bargello palace in Florence, which have a flame stitch pattern.Traditionally, Bargello was stitched in wool on canvas.Embroidery done this way is remarkably durable. It is well suited for use on pillows, upholstery and even carpets, but not for clothing. In mos
Berlin wool work
. Berlin wool work is a style of embroidery similar to today needlepoint. It was typically executed with wool yarn on canvas. It is usually worked in a single stitch, such as cross stitch or tent stitch although Beeton book of Needlework (1870) describes 15 different stitches for use in Berlin work. It was traditionally stitched in many colours and hues, producing intricate three dimensional looks by careful shading. The design of such embroider
. Blackwork, sometimes historically termed spanish blackwork, is a form of embroidery generally using black thread, although other colors were also used on occasion. sometimes it is counted thread embroidery which is usually stitched on even weave fabric. Any black thread can be used, but firmly twisted threads give a better look than embroidery floss. Traditionally blackwork is stitched in silk thread on white or off white linen or cotton fabric.
. Broderie anglaise (French, English embroidery ) is a whitework needlework technique incorporating features of embroidery, cutwork and needle lace that became associated with England, due to its popularity there in the 19th century.
. Broderie perse (French for Persian embroidery ) is a style of applique embroidery which uses printed elements to create a scene on the background fabric. It was most popular in Europe in the 17th century, and probably travelled from India, as there are some earlier findings there. The technique could be considered an early form of puzzle piecing.Broderie perse can be done with any printed fabric on any ground, but it originally was worked with C
. Candlewicking, or Candlewick is a form of whitework embroidery that traditionally uses an unbleached cotton thread on a piece of unbleached muslin. It gets its name from the nature of the soft spun cotton thread, which was braided then used to form the wick for candles. Motifs are created using a variety of traditional embroidery stitches as well as a tufted stitch. subject matter is usually taken from nature flowers, insects, pine trees, and s
. Canvas work is a type of embroidery in which yarn is stitched through a canvas or other foundation fabric. Canvas work is a form of counted thread embroidery. Common types of canvas work include needlepoint, petit point, and bargello.
Celtic cross stitch
. Celtic cross stitch is a style of cross stitch embroidery which recreates Celtic art patterns typical of early medieval Insular art using contemporary cross stitch techniques. Celtic cross stitch typically employs rich, deep colors, intricate geometrical patterns, spirals, interlacing patterns, knotwork, alphabets, animal forms and zoomorphic patterns, similar to the decorations found in the Book of Kells.Although they share design inspirations,
Counted thread embroidery
. Counted thread embroidery is any embroidery in which the fabric threads are counted by the embroiderer before inserting the needle into the fabric. Evenweave fabric is usually used it produces a symmetrical image as both warp and weft fabric threads are evenly spaced.The opposite of counted thread embroidery is free embroidery.
. Crewel embroidery, or Crewelwork, is a type of crochet embroidery using wool and a variety of different embroidery stitches to follow a design outline applied to the fabric. The technique is at least a thousand years old. It was used in the Bayeux Tapestry, in Jacobean embroidery and in the Quaker Tapestry sewn in the 1980s.The origin of the word crewel is unknown but is thought to come from an ancient word describing the curl in the staple, the
. Cross stitch is a popular form of counted thread embroidery in which X shaped stitches in a tiled, raster like pattern are used to form a picture. Cross stitch is often executed on easily countable evenweave fabric called aida cloth. The stitcher counts the threads in each direction so that the stitches are of uniform size and appearance. This form of cross stitch is also called counted cross stitch in order to distinguish it from other forms of
. Cutwork or cut work, also known as Punto Tagliato in Italian, is a needlework technique in which portions of a textile, typically cotton or linen, are cut away and the resulting hole is reinforced and filled with embroidery or needle lace.Cutwork is related to drawn thread work. In drawn thread work, typically only the warp or weft threads are withdrawn (cut and removed), and the remaining threads in the resulting hole are bound in various way
. Darning is a sewing technique for repairing holes or worn areas in fabric or knitting using needle and thread alone. It is often done by hand, but it is also possible to darn with a sewing machine. Hand darning employs the darning stitch, a simple running stitch in which the thread is woven in rows along the grain of the fabric, with the stitcher reversing direction at the end of each row, and then filling in the framework thus created, as if w
Drawn thread work
. Drawn thread work also known as pulled thread work, is a form of counted thread embroidery based on removing threads from the warp and/or the weft of a piece of even weave fabric. The remaining threads are grouped or bundled together into a variety of patterns. The more elaborate styles of drawn thread work use in fact a variety of other stitches and techniques, but the drawn thread parts are their most distinctive element. It is also grouped as
. Goldwork is the art of embroidery using metal threads. It is particularly prized for the way light plays on it. The term goldwork is used even when the threads are imitation gold, silver, or copper. The metal wires used to make the threads have never been entirely gold they have always been gold coated silver (silver gilt) or cheaper metals, and even then the gold often contains a very low percent of real gold. Most metal threads are availab
. Hardanger embroidery or Hardangers
. Machine embroidery is an embroidery process whereby a sewing machine or embroidery machine is used to create patterns on textiles. It is used commercially in product branding, corporate advertising, and uniform adornment. Hobbyists also machine embroider for personal sewing and craft projects.There are multiple types of machine embroidery. These include free motion sewing machine embroidery, this uses a basic zigzag sewing machine. Much commercia
. Needlepoint is a form of counted thread embroidery in which yarn is stitched through a stiff open weave canvas. Most needlepoint designs completely cover the canvas. Although needlepoint may be worked in a variety of stitches, many needlepoint designs use only a simple tent stitch and rely upon color changes in the yarn to construct the pattern.The degree of detail in needlepoint depends on the thread count of the underlying mesh fabric. Needlepo
. Quillwork is a form of textile embellishment traditionally practiced by Native Americans that employs the quills of porcupines as an aesthetic element. Quills from bird feathers were also occasionally used in quillwork.
. Smocking is an embroidery technique used to gather fabric so that it can stretch. Before elastic, smocking was commonly used in cuffs, bodices, and necklines in garments where buttons were undesirable. smocking developed in England and has been practised since the Middle Ages and is unusual among embroidery methods in that it was often worn by laborers. Other major embroidery styles are purely decorative and represented status symbols. smocking w
. Stumpwork is a style of embroidery where the stitched figures are raised from the surface of the work to form a 3 dimensional effect.stitches can be worked around pieces of wire to create individual forms such as leaves, insect wings or flower petals. This form is then applied to the main body of work by piercing the background fabric with the wires and securing tightly. Other shapes can be created using padding under the stitches, usually in the
. Surface embroidery is any form of embroidery in which the pattern is worked by the use of decorative stitches and laid threads on top of the foundation fabric or canvas rather than through the fabric it is contrasted with canvas work. Much free embroidery is also surface embroidery, as are a few forms of counted thread embroidery such as cross stitch.
. Suzani is a type of embroidered and decorative tribal textile made in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and other Central Asian countries. suzani is from the Persian suzan which means needle. The art of making such textiles in Iran is called suzankari (needlework).suzanis usually have a cotton (sometimes silk) fabric base, which is embroidered in silk or cotton thread. Chain, satin, and buttonhole stitches are the primary stitches used. There is
. Trianglepoint is a form of embroidery in which a series of equilateral triangles are stitched in different colors to create geometric designs, three dimensional designs or pictures. The term was coined by needlepoint designer sherlee Lantz (or more accurately suggested by a friend) for her 1976 book Trianglepoint (New York Viking).
. Whitework embroidery refers to any embroidery technique in which the stitching is the same color as the foundation fabric (traditionally white linen).styles of whitework embroidery include most drawn thread work, broderie anglaise, Hardanger embroidery, Mountmellick embroidery and reticella.Whitework embroidery is one of the techniques employed in heirloom sewing for blouses, christening gowns, baby bonnets, and other small articles.