Hold Your Camera Well
. This is the first and formost important criteria of a good photographer, many a times, the blur in the photo is a direct result of camera shake. Use both hands, keep the camera close to your body, support yourself with a wall, tree or some other solid object and then take a picture.
Get the Backgrounds Right
. Backgrounds present both opportunities and challenges to photographers. On the one hand they can put a subjects in context and make it stand out in a way that highlights it wonderfully – but on the other hand backgrounds can overwhelm subjects and distract from them. Select background according to the subject.
Keep your camera clean
. Dust particles can cause smudges and impact your camera shots, Its important to keep image sensor of your camera clean as getting dust on it can cause noticeable blotches on your camera images.
Use Flash when absolutely required
. A flash light should be considered as your secondary light source. Try to capture shots in the natural lights, your flash should be used to supplement existing light rather than as the primary way of lighting a scene. If you use flash as the primary source of light, the pictures will not look very natural. So use the flash when it is absolutely required.
. Auto mode tells your camera to make its best judgement to select shutter speed, aperture, white balance, ISO, focus and flash to take the best shot that it can. Most of time you will get nice results, however if you are experienced photographer, you can experiment with manual settings to get the best results.
. Portrait mode is used, when you take pictures of single object, and you dont want too much exposure of background. Selecting Portrait mode tells your camera to use large aperture which helps to keep your background out of focus. In this mode try to focus on object either by zooming in or walking closer, so that your object appears clear and focussed.
. Landscape mode is almost the opposite of portrait mode as it sets the camera up with a small aperture, here you are trying to cover backgroud scene as much as possible. Its therefore ideal for capturing shots of wide scenes, particularly those with points of interest at different distances from the camera. In this mode your camera must be in stable position to compensate for the small aperture.
. As the name suggests, this mode is used to photograph moving objects Sports mode attempts to freeze the action by increasing the shutter speed. Try to pan your camera along with the subject and click the camera once your subject is clearly visible, for this mode you need little bit practice but its not dificult.
. Night mode, is used for shooting in low light situations and sets your camera to use a longer shutter speed to help capture details of the background but it also fires off a flash to illuminate the subject. You get best results in this mode with use of a tripod since you need to hold the camera in standstill position for longer duration.
. Most new digital cameras these days come with a movie mode that records both video and sound. The quality is generally not up to video camera standards but its a handy mode to have when you come across situations where still photograph is just not enough. Keep in mind that moving images take up significantly more space on your memory storage than still images.
. Well, if you are an expert in photography, this is the mode for you where get will have full control over your camera. Here, you need to take care of all settings including shutter speed, aperture, white balance and flash.
. Histogram is very useful tool that gives you quick summary of the tonal range present in any given image. It graphs the tones in your image from black (on the left) to white (on the right).The higher the graph at any given point the more pixels of that tone present in an image.
Control your breath
. Before you take your shot, take a gentle but deep breath, hold it, then take the shot and exhale. You can also do the opposite – exhale and before inhaling again take the shot. Its amazing how much a body rises and falls simply by breathing – being conscious of it can give you an edge.
. Exposure is the act of exposing the image sensor to light. By adjusting the amount of light, you can make a photograph of a bright sunlit scene look dark, or a shot of a dark interior look bright. Digital cameras have auto-exposure systems that automatically produce photographs of optimal brightness.
. Shutter speed is a measure of the time the shutter is open, shown in seconds or fractions of a second. The faster the shutter speed, the shorter the time the image sensor is exposed to light; the slower the shutter speed, the longer the time the image sensor is exposed to light.
. Aperture controls the brightness of the image that passes through the lens and falls on the image sensor. It is expressed as an f-number such as f/2, f/8 etc. Lower the f-number, the larger the aperture and more light that passes through the lens. For example, changing the aperture from f/4 to f/5.6 halves the amount of light passing through the lens and halves the brightness of the image that falls on the image sensor.
Digital Camera Quality
. The quality of a digital photograph depends heavily on the digital cameras resolution – the amount of detail it records. Resolution is defined in megapixels. More megapixels mean more detail, so you can create bigger prints without distortion to the images. Digital cameras have different quality settings, for computer and emailing, you can shoot at lower resolutions. This creates smaller file sizes, making photos easier to edit or email, and me
. ISO sensitivity is a measure of the cameras ability to capture light. Digital cameras convert the light that falls on the image sensor into electrical signals for processing. ISO sensitivity is raised by amplifying the signal. Doubling ISO sensitivity doubles the electrical signal, halving the amount of light that needs to fall on the image sensor to achieve optimal exposure.
. White balance is used to adjust colors to match the color of the light source so that white objects appear white. Subjects may be lit by a number of different light sources, including sunlight, incandescent bulbs, and fluorescent lighting.
Select the right Camera
. Make a right selection of your camera as per the need, for fun photography, use automatic compact digital camera which is small and lightweight, and easy to carry around in a pocket or handbag. This portability means you never have to miss those spur-of-the-moment shots. However, If you want advanced manual control over your photos along with the best possible picture quality, there is no substitute for a digital SLR – known as a DSLR camera.
Mobile Photography Zoom
. As per the current trend, the mobile phones are increasingly getting thinner, trying to include a usable zoom in a very thin piece of equipment is incredibly difficult, and leads to this function being generally atrocious on most phones. Try not to use zoom, since you can always edit pictures using any of the photo editing tools.
Mobile Photography Lights
. Mobile camera sensors are not too strong, You can help this, by ensuring that your subject is well lit before pressing the shutter. Turn on the light, open the curtains, or wait until the sun is a little higher in the sky. If your camera has a flash function, give it a try. Although it probably wont be powerful enough to make a huge improvement, it can be very useful when you just need a slight boost in the light conditions.
Mobile Photography Megapixels
. Generally we select mobile camera with higher megapixels (mp), higher the mp better the camera image quality, but higher mp camera is required when you want your photographs to be printed in large sizes, but how often do you try to make large-print pictures from your mobile phone camera? most of time these picture are for sharing on facebook or email. Moble with 5-6 mp camera is good enough for this.
Optical Vs Digital Zoom
. Most of cameras come with digital as well as optical zoom function. An optical zoom lens actually moves inside the camera to get a closer look at the subject of your photo; a digital zoom lens guesses at the detailed image without moving. The picture quality is better with an optical zoom lens. In fact, many camera phone users say that a high-quality optical zoom is the most important feature for them.