Jaundice also known as icterus,from the Greek word adjectival form, icteric is a yellowish
Jaundice also known as icterus,from the Greek word adjectival form, icteric is a yellowish pigmentation of the skin, the conjunctival membranes over the sclerae (whites of the eyes), and other mucous membranes caused by high blood bilirubin levels.This hyperbilirubinemia subsequently causes increased levels of bilirubin in the extracellular fluid. Concentration of bilirubin in blood plasma is normally below 1.2 mg/dL (<25Ámol/L). A concentration higher than approx. 3 mg/dL (>50Ámol/L) leads to jaundice.The term jaundice comes from the French word jaune, meaning yellow.
Jaundice is often seen in liver disease such as hepatitis or liver cancer. It may also indicate leptospirosis or obstruction of the biliary tract, for example by gallstones or pancreatic cancer, or less commonly be congenital in origin (e.g., biliary atresia).
A condition in which the skin and the whites of the eyes become yellow, urine darkens, and the color of stool becomes lighter than normal.