Jaundice is a yellowish pigmentation of the skin, the conjunctival membranes over
Jaundice is a yellowish pigmentation of the skin, the conjunctival membranes over the sclerae (whites of the eyes), and other mucous membranes caused by high blood bilirubin levels.
This hyperbilirubinemia subsequently causes increased levels of bilirubin in the extracellular fluid. Concentration of bilirubin in blood plasma is normally below 1.2 mg/dL (<25Ámol/L). A concentration higher than approx. 3 mg/dL (>50Ámol/L) leads to jaundice.
The term jaundice comes from the French word jaune, meaning yellow.