The tomato is the edible, often red fruit or berry of the nightshade Solanum lycopersicum.
The tomato is the edible, often red fruit or berry of the nightshade Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant. The species originated in the South American Andes and its use as a food originated in Mexico, and spread throughout the world following the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Its many varieties are now widely grown, sometimes in greenhouses in cooler climates.
The tomato is consumed in diverse ways, including raw, as an ingredient in many dishes, sauces, salads, and drinks. While it is botanically a fruit, it is considered a vegetable for culinary purposes , which has caused some confusion. The fruit is rich in lycopene, which may have beneficial health effects.