Eggplant is a species of nightshade commonly known in British English as aubergine.
Eggplant is a species of nightshade commonly known in British English as aubergine and also known as melongene, garden egg, or guinea squash.
It is known in South Asia, Southeast Asia and South Africa as brinjal.It bears a fruit of the same name (commonly either "eggplant" in American, Australian English and sometimes Canadian English, or "aubergine" in British English and Canadian English) that is widely used in cooking, most notably as an important ingredient in dishes such as moussaka and ratatouille.
As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to both the tomato and the potato. It was originally domesticated from the wild nightshade, the thorn or bitter apple, S. incanum, probably with two independent domestications, one in the region of South Asia, and one in East Asia.