Momordica charantia often called bitter melon, bitter gourd or bitter squash in English.
Momordica charantia often called bitter melon, bitter gourd or bitter squash in English, has many other local names. Goyafrom the indigenous language of Okinawa and karavella from Sanskrit are also used by English-language speakers.
It is a tropical and subtropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean for its edible fruit, which is extremely bitter. Its many varieties differ substantially in the shape and bitterness of the fruit.
Bitter melon originated on the Indian subcontinent, and was introduced into China in the 14th century.