rules to play soccer
Field of Play
. This is the area the game is played within, it most commonly is marked by painting white (or black) lines on the grass. Figure 1.2 shows the basic layout of the field. Common dimensions are 100 meter (touch line) by 50 meters, although it is not uncommon to have smaller field sizes due to unavailable space or to accommodate Juniors playing small sided games.
Type of Ball
. The soccer rules and regulations state the ball is a spherical shape and is sized 1 to 5 (5 being the largest). Regulations state size 5 balls are to be used in all matches age 12 and up.Soccer Rules and regulations state the ball is to weigh no more than 450 grams and no less than 410 at the start of the match have a circumference of no more than 70cm and no less than 68cm.a pressure between 0.4 and 0.6 atmosphere at sea level.
Number of Players
. A maximum of 11 players and minimum of 7 are allowed per team. Youth leagues below the age of 12 may play with fewer players in order to help develop player understanding and ball control. One player from each team must be the earmarked as the goal keeper; this player is allowed to use their hands within their penalty area. The goalkeeper must also wear a deferent colour shirt to the rest of the team to allow them to be distinguished.
Equipment for Players
. The soccer rules state that all players must wear shin guardsprotector, this is to prevent injury of the lower legs. Each team must wear the same coloured shirt to allow easy identification of teams. If cleats are worn, they must be specifically designed so that the studs do not protrude on the front of the boot, as well as have no sharp edges that could potentially harm other players.
Referees and the Soccer Rules
. The soccer rules and regulations state that it is the referees job to control the game by enforcing the rules and regulations or 17 laws. One distinct difference to most other sports is the referees may let the game continue when a foul is committed if he or she believes that there is an advantage to the fouled players team. This rule is the advantage clause, and the referee will call play on and or do a hand motion placing both hands forward .
Lines men and women
. Two linesmen are used to assist the referee in the enforcing of the rules and regulations. The linesmen job it to indicate to the referee when the ball is out of play, a corner kick, a goal, players are offside and when fouls misconduct take place. When the referee is informed by the linesmen, it is up the referees to make the final decision and he or she may or may not take the linemens advice.
Duration of Match
. The duration of the match depends on the age of the players, standard time is 45 minute halfs, but is not uncommon for lower level leagues to play 40 minute halfs, and juniors to play less than 30 minute halfs.
Drop balls and kick offs
. A game is started by taking a kickoff, this is done by placing the ball in the center of the ground, and kicking it forward. kickoffs are also used to restart play after a goal is scored or to begin play after half time.The team that begins with the kickoff is determined with a coin toss before the game, the winner has the choice to kick off or change the direction each team is playing (also know as direction team is running).a goal can not be sc
Ball in or Out of play
. The soccer rules and regulations state that the ball is deemed out of the field of play when it is completely outside the goal line, touch line and goal line. if any part of the ball is still inside the line then the ball is deemed still in play (figure 1.4). The referee will indicate who is to free throw the ball back into play, this is the opposite team to the one that last touched the ball before it exited the field of play.
Scoring a Goal
. The soccer rules state the ball must full cross the goal line below the cross bar and between both posts to be deemed a goal. All players may score goals for opposition as long as it was not directly from a goal kick, penalty kick or kickoff.
. when an offensive player is in the oppositions half of the field, the or she has to have at least two oppositions players between him and his opponents goal line at the moment the ball was passed to him. Offside and an offside position are not the same; being in an offside position is allowed as long as the player does not have anything to do with the game play, offside on the other hand is defined as being in an offside position, while involved
Fouls and Misconduct
. The two types of fouls in soccer are a penal or major fouls and non penal know as minor fouls. The nine major types of of major fouls are as follows; Holding another player Handling the ball with your hands(other than the goal keeper) Hitting a or spitting at another player Pushing another player Tripping another player Charging a player from behind Jumping up at a player kicking another player Charging another player in a rough way.If one of the
. The Two kinds of free kicks are direct and indirect.Direct free kicks; The player taking the free kick may be directly kick the ball into the goal to score, and is not required to touch any other player, the major fouls outlined in law 12 result in this direct free kick being awarded.Indirect free kicks; Before entering the goal, the ball must touch one or more players from either team after the free kick is taken.When taking a free kick the foll
. The soccer rules state a penalty kick is awarded to the attacking team when a player from the defending team commits a major foul within the penalty area. The kick is taken from the penalty mark, only the defending goal keeper and the attackers penalty taker are allowed to be inside the penalty area while the kick is being taken. The goal keeper is required to stand on the goal line, and not move forward towards the ball until the ball has been s
. A throw in of the ball is used to restart the game when the ball has exited the field of play, this is taken by a player from the team that did not touch the ball last.The soccer rules require both feet must be placed on the ground, and both hand holding the ball. the ball is pulled behind the head and and thrown over the head, with equal extension of both arms (figure 1.6) Both the throwers feet must remain behind the goal line, and he or she ma
. The box marked out directly in front of the goal is know as the goal area or 6 yard box. The soccer rules state that if the attacking team is last to touch the ball before it crosses the goal line, the defending team is awarded a goal kick to re start play. This kick is to be taken within the goal box, on the same side half of the box the ball went out. Any team member from the defending team may take the kick, and the defending team may have 2 p
. The soccer rules state that if the ball exits the field of play over the goal line, and is last touched by the defending team, a corner kick is awarded to the attacking team. This corner kick is to be taken within the arc on the corner of the field, on the side of the goals the ball exited play. The player taking the corner kick is allowed to kick the ball directly into the goal. The corner kick once taking his or her initial kick is not allowed
Learn how to pass
. Passing is all about putting the ball exactly where you want it. In order to pass a soccer ball, kick the ball using the inside of your foot. This will give you less power but more accuracy. Once you master the basic pass, you can then try to slice and hook the ball in order to pass it to one of your teammates.Pay attention to where your planter foot is placed. Your planter foot should be right next to the ball, your toe pointed in the direction
Know how to shoot
. If youre really close to the goal and all you need is accuracy, you can shoot using the sweet spot of the inside of your shoe, like a pass, but usually, youre going to be farther away and will need power as well as accuracy,of course.Set your planter foot and aim the toe of the planter foot to where you want the shot to travel and always have a slight look at the target before you shoot.You dont have to get much of a running start, but you do wan
Think about moving off the ball
. Some estimates say that professional soccer players run 6 to 8 miles (9.7 to 12.9 km) during a 90 minute game.Thats a lot of running. It doesnt take a rocket scientist to figure out that a lot of the running youll be doing is when you dont have the ball. Learn how to get into open space, how to run to where to your teammate expects or wants you to be, and how to run past a defender whos guarding you.
Learn how to defend
. Defending the goal is an underrated achievement. It can be extremely difficult staying on your man or getting the ball away from your man. There are three basic things that you need to remember when guarding a player in soccer Dont be fooled by feints, tricks, or jukes keep your eye on the ball. A good soccer player will try to juke or feint with their body in order to get past you. Theyre hoping that what they do with their body will distract yo
Get comfortable heading the ball
. Try hitting the ball with your head right where your hair meets your forehead. Do not use the top of your head! When getting ready to head the ball, dont lift your head back; move your upper torso back instead. This will give you more power and wont strain your neck as much.
Learn how to juggle
. Juggling is very hard to master but an important part of the game. Truth be told, you wont need to juggle very often in a game, but knowing how to juggle does several things.It helps you control a ball thats coming at you from the air. Not all passes are on the ground. The ones that arent will need to be intercepted and controlled by some form of juggling. Juggling helps improve your touch on the ball. If you know how to juggle your touch on the
Learn how to use your non dominant foot
. Its really important to be able to dribble, pass, and shoot the ball with your non dominant foot. Good defenders will take away your dominant foot and force you to play with your non dominant foot. If you cant use your non dominant foot, youll be playing with a handicap.Practice only using your non dominant foot during practice or when you shoot or juggle by yourself. Accustoming your body to the muscle memory is an important part of being fluen
Practice taking corner kicks and free kicks
. You want to be able to send corner kicks right in the middle of the penalty area, usually up in the air so that a teammate can head the ball in. Free kicks can either be taken quickly and simply passes to a nearby teammate, or you can organize a set play where you kick the ball in a certain area while your teammates execute a play.
your playing style
. Try to develop your own playing style, one that suits you. Are you a tricky player who relies on juking out other players. Are you fast enough to beat everyone with sheer speed? Are you great at using your body and power to blast goals? Are you expert at keeping opponents from getting off shots.Find out what kind of player you are, set goals for yourself on how you can become a more rounded player, and remember to have fun. Soccer isnt the most p
Understand throw ins
. Throw ins happen when the ball fully travels outside the area of play. Possession goes to the team who wasnt the last to touch it. This team gets to throw the ball in from the place where it went out of bounds.A player throwing can get a running start, but must generally stop near the area where the ball went out of bounds.A player must bring the ball up with both hands behind his or her head and release the ball over his head with both hands.A p
Know the grounds for a yellow card
. A referee issues a yellow card as a warning to a player. Two yellow cards result in a red card, after which that player must leave the game permanently. Reasons for yellow cards includeDangerous play. High kicking near a players head, for example. Illegal obstruction. This happens when a player intentionally takes a position between and an opponent when that player isnt within playing distance of the ball. Charging the goalkeeper in the goal area
Know the grounds for a red card
. A red card can be given out before a yellow card if especially dangerous play is involved, although a red card usually results from two yellow cards. Reasons for red cards include Kicking a player intentionally. Jumping up at a player and making contact. Charging a player in a rough way, especially if hands are involved. Charging a player from behind. Tripping a player. Hitting, pushing, holding, or spitting at a player. Handling the ball by a no
. Soccer fouls can be any number of unfair advantages taken by a player that are called by the referee. These can include tripping, pushing, and touching the ball with the hands. Free kicks or penalty kicks may be awarded to the opposing soccer team. Very unsportsmanlike behavior may result in a yellow card or a red card. Players that get red cards are ejected from the game.