rules to play shot put
Start with a lightweight shot
. The word shot refers to a heavy ball, which contestants try to hurl as far as they can. Beginners should start with a light shot, between 4 and 8 pounds (1.8 3.6 kilograms), since this lowers the risk of injury if the wrong throwing form is used.Once you have the basic throwing technique down, and some practice under your belt, you can move on to heavier shot puts. Standard weights for competition vary depending on the age and sex of the competit
Stand inside the circle
. When shot putting, you must stay within the circle during the entire throw. The circle is usually painted on a slab of concrete, and is 7 feet (2.13 meters) wide for official competitions. If you step outside the circle during the throw, it is a foul and is not counted in the competition.After throwing, the athlete must exit the circle through the back half of the ring, not the front, or the throw becomes a foul. (This avoids arguments over wheth
Determine the winner
. After the shot lands, the distance from the front of the circle and the location of the landing is measured. However, the shot must land within the cone-shaped throwing field, or else it is a foul. The athlete whose shot lands farthest from the circle, without committing a foul, wins the round.If you need to make your own cone-shaped throwing field, set it up using two equal lengths of string at least 50 feet long each (the sides of the cone), th
Push dont toss
. Because the shot is so much heavier than balls in other sports, it cannot be tossed overhand or underhand without high risk of causing a pulled muscle or other injury. Always push the shot put out by extending your arm in one direction, without swinging it. Read the instructions below for more information about standard throwing techniques.
Grip the shot with your fingers
. Cup the shot, or heavy ball, with your fingers and thumb along the back side of the ball. Dont touch the shot with your palm, and dont spread out your fingers around the ball. Use your dominant hand.
Stand sideways at the back of the circle
. Place your right foot on the back of the circle, and face the right side of the circle. Stand with your feet a little more than shoulders width apart. While youll move on to a more powerful throwing position later, this is a good stance to get your started while you concentrate on the arm and leg motions involved.This guide is written for right-handed shot putters. Switch right and left if you are left-handed.
Place the shot under your jawbone
. Stick the shot underneath your jawbone next to your neck. Keep your right elbow raised so the arm can push directly into your neck.
Extend your left arm upward
. Point your left arm upward in the direction youll be throwing. During the rotation leading up to the throw, pull this arm inward so your hand is against the center of your chest.
Put your weight on your back leg
. Surprisingly, most of the strength in shot putting comes from the legs, not the arms. Put almost all of your weight on your right leg, at the back of the circle, bending your knee as much as you find comfortable while keeping your balance.
Turn your hips and push forward
. Push forward as hard as you can with your back leg, turning your hips so you face forward as you do so. Step or jump forward as you do this, sticking your front (left) foot as close to the front of the circle as you can.If you are having trouble keeping your balance and aim while you do this, start out in the center of the circle instead and take shorter steps while you practice.
Extend your arm directly outward to
. As you straighten out, move the shot out from under your jaw and send your arm out in a straight line at about a 40
Move forward more as you practice
. Keep practicing this throw, especially the final delivery of the shot put. Once you can perform a good throw consistently, start pushing off more vigorously during the throw, so your left foot lands as close to the front of the circle as possible. Once you can keep your balance and aim while leaping and turning hard, move on to the glide throw, one of the techniques used by serious competitors.
Learn the basic throw first
. This section of the guide will assume you already know the basic grip of the shot, the general motion, and how to release the shot for maximum distance. This glide throw is very similar to the basic throw described above, but provides extra power if you are able to keep your balance.
Adopt the starting stance
. As with the basic throw, stand with your feet a little more than shoulder width apart, facing the right side of the circle. Press the shot into your neck with your dominant hand, with the elbow on that arm raised to shoulder height.
Turn over the back of the circle
. Turn your body and feet without changing your stance, so you are facing the back of the circle. Bend your right knee so all your weight is over your right leg, at the back of the circle. Your left leg is extended behind you toward the center of the circle. Your left arm is pointing down and forward, over the back of the circle.
Kick hard to move to the front of the circle
. Kick hard off your right foot, and lift both feet in the air, turning to face the right side of the circle. Bring them down again so your left foot is touching the toe board at the front of the circle. Keep your weight mostly on your back foot. Your left arm swings around and ends up pointing upward toward the side or front of the circle. Transition to the next step as fast as you can, so you can take dvantage of your forward momentum.
Push forward hard and make the shot
. Immediately after landing, push off your right foot again, transferring your weight forward onto your left foot. Extend your back leg fully, and push the shot forward at about a 40
Complete the spin to keep your balance
. Your push should be strong enough to keep you spinning after the shot is released. Hop on your left foot one or two times to complete the spin, without falling outside the circle.
Hold the shot as usual
. Grip the shot with your fingers and thumb, and press it against your neck.
Stand at the back of the circle
. Both shoulders and feet should point to the back of the circle, with your feet shoulder width apart. Both knees are slightly bent, and your weight is evenly distributed.
Pivot on the right foot
. Slowly pivot onto your right foot. Turn your hips and shoulder so you are facing to your right (the left side of the circle). Remember to keep the elbow on your putting arm raised at all times. Pause and prepare to start the spinning motion: the rest of the steps below will all happen within a couple seconds.Switch left and right if you are left handed.
Spin around on your left foot
. Rapidly pivot on your left foot, bringing your right foot swinging around over the back of the circle.
Jump and land on your right foot
. As your right foot swings back into the circle and around, push off your left foot and land with your right foot in the center of the circle. Your knee should be bent and your whole body angled down.You have now rotated 360
Push off again to continue the spin
. Push off your right foot in the center of the circle, and continue the spin an additional 180
Release the shot
. Use the usual technique to release the shot, as soon as you complete your spin. If you extend your arm straight forward and upward with your elbow raised, the rotational momentum from the spin will be translated into the shot.
Holding the shot put
. The shot is held at the base of the fingers not the palm The fingers are slightly spread apart with the thumb for support. The hand will be bent back in the cocked position when holding the shot. It looks like you are carrying a pizza.