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Professional era

Rules to play Ice Hockey

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Professional era

Professional hockey has existed since the early 20th century. By 1902, the Western Pennsylvania Hockey League was the first to employ professionals. The league joined with teams in Michigan and Ontario to form the first fully professional leaguethe International Professional Hockey League IPHLin 1904. The WPHL and IPHL hired players from Canada; in response, Canadian leagues began to pay players who played with amateurs. The IPHL, cut off from its largest source of players, disbanded in 1907. By then, several professional hockey leagues were operating in Canada with leagues in Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec.

In 1910, the National Hockey Association NHA was formed in Montreal. The NHA would further refine the rules dropping the rover position, dividing the game into three 20 minute periods and introducing minor and major penalties. After re organizing as the National Hockey League NHL in 1917, the league expanded into the United States, starting with the Boston Bruins in 1924.

Professional hockey leagues developed later in Europe, since bandy was still popular, but amateur leagues leading to national championships were in place. One of the first was the Swiss National League A, founded in 1916. Today, professional leagues have been introduced in most countries of Europe. Top European leagues include the Kontinental Hockey League, the Czech Extraliga, the Finnish Liiga and the Swedish Hockey League.


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Defensemen
Professional era
Face off
Injury
Power Play
The Hockey Stick
Icing
Playing Surface
Penalties
The Teams
Fights
Right wing
More ...


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