rules to play ice hockey
. There are five 5 lines on the ice, two 2 goal lines both at the end of the ice, two 2 blue lines, separating the offensive defensive zones from the neutral zone, and the centre red line.The red line is not in play when making stretch passes. Before the NHL lockout in the 2004 05 seasons, players could not make two lined passes; resulted in offside.
. To play organized hockey, players will need the essential equipment, skates, helmet with visor or cage, mouth guard, shoulder pads, elbow pads, hockey gloves, hockey pants, athletic supporter jock, shin pads, hockey socks, jersey, and hockey stick.Goaltenders have their own category of equipment, goalie helmet cage required, chest and shoulder protectors, athletic supporter jock, hockey pants, blocker, glove, goalie stick, goalie pads, and goalie
. Hockey is played with six 6 players on the ice for each team; five 5 skaters, one 1 goaltender. The typical roster size of a hockey team is twenty 20 players; twelve 12 forwards, 6 defensemen, and two 2 goaltenders. There are an unlimited amount of substitutions and they can happen at any time; during play and or a stoppage of play; except when the defensive team ices the puck. The goaltenders have limited control over the puck, there is a trapez
. Icing is when the defending team shoots the puck down the ice, without touching another player, across two red lines, first one being the red centre line and the second being the goal line. The opposing team must touch the puck before the team who iced the puck, or the call will become void. In international rules, the rule is no touch
. Hockey is divided into three 3 period, first, second, and third; they are each twenty 20 minutes long, with intermissions in between. The ice is to be flooded after warm up and during first and second intermission.
. If the game is still tied at the end of regulation, there is a sudden death overtime period; meaning, if a goal is scored during this period, the game is over. During the NHL regular season, the overtime period is five 5 minutes long with 4 on 4 hockey. If the game is still tied after the overtime period, it results in a shootout. In NHL playoff hockey, the sudden death overtime periods is twenty 20 minutes long with 5 on 5 hockey. The game will
. If the game is still tied after the overtime period, a shootout ensues. Each team will have three 3 shooters. The team with the best out of three shots will win the game. If after the three shooters the game is still tied, its moves to a sudden death shootout; meaning the next shootout goal wins if the team who chooses to shoot first scores, the team that shoots second has the chance to redeem themselves, if they miss, the game is over.
. Two Minute Minor Penalties< strong> Hooking, slashing, delay of game, interference, goaltender interference, tripping, roughing, elbowing, boarding, cross checking, charging, holding, high sticking, kneeing, check from behind, spearing, unsportsmanlike conduct, two many men on the ice. Four Minute Double Minor Penalties< strong> Any minor penalty that draws blood from the cause of the penalty. Five minute Major Penalties< strong> The player must
. When a team is penalized, and depending the severity of the penalty, the opposing team is rewarded a power play; meaning the other team will be short handed for a distinct amount of time refer to penalties. If the team on the power plays gets a goal, the power play is now over. If the short handed team scores while killing the power play, the power play is not over.
. A penalty shot is rewarded to the offensive player if he or she is on a breakaway and the defending obstructs the player enough so they do not get a shot off. Obstructions such as hooking, slashing, tripping, and holding. Also, if the goaltender throws his or her stick at the puck or players to prevent a goal, the player will be awarded with a penalty shot. On a penalty shot, the shooter starts from centre ice and is only allowed one shot, even i
. The puck must completely cross the offensive blue line before any player on the offence completely crosses the blue line.
. A faceoff ensues every time there is a stoppage of play. A face off occurs in the centre of the rink at the beginning of each period and after every goal.
Shots on Goal
. A shot on goal SOG is when the shot results in a goal or a save by the goaltender. A missed shot results the shot missing the goal completely or hitting the goal posts.
. Points are rewarded to players who score and assist primary and secondary the goal. Two points 2 are awarded to the winning team in the standings, while the losing team gets zero 0 points, unless they losing team loses in overtime or a shootout then they are awarded one point in standings.
. When a goal is scored, even strength 5 vs. 5, the offensive team players on the ice are rewarded with a +1 rating. The defending team players on the ice are given a 1 rating. This statistic in not in effect when teams are on the power play, unless the team that is short handed gets a goal. Goaltenders are not part of this statistic.
Shooting and Passing
. Obviously, if you dont score goals, you wont win the hockey game. Make sure youre passing and shooting the puck quickly and accurately to make the most of your hockey teams offense. Use these guidelines to help The younger the player, the shorter the pass. Cradle the puck with your stick when you receive it. Dont pass to the player; pass to where he or she is going. And try to put the puck on the blade of the recipients stick. Dont pass over
. Perhaps the toughest position in all of sports, the goalie is the one player who can control a teams confidence. His job is to keep the puck out of the net, and if hes good, he can take his team a long way. Good goalies win championships.
. A team at full strength has two one on the left side and another on the right. Nowadays, there are three primary kinds of defensemen. One is creative and offensive minded; he likes to handle the puck and lead the team up ice, but is not too physical. Another is defensive minded, a stay at home bruiser who plays a physical game and doesnt often venture out of his zone with the puck. And there are those rare athletes who are a combination of the t
. He works the right side of the ice for the most part. He needs to be a physical player who is good along the boards and in the corner. He is responsible for the oppositions left defenseman in the defensive zone.
. Traditionally a left handed shot, but the NHL is seeing more right handers playing this position now, a practice picked up from the Europeans. A right hander has a better angle to shoot from when hes coming in on his wing. Like the right wing, he needs to be able to dig out the puck from the corners and battle in front of the net.
. He quarterbacks his club at both ends of the ice. Must be good at face offs and passing, and it doesnt hurt if hes a good shot as well. Coaches want a lot of creativity in this position and a lot of hockey smarts.
. The ice surface is divided into three zones. The area where the goal net is located is the defending zone for the team defending that net. The middle of the rink, between two blue lines, is the neutral zone. The area where the opposing net is located is the attacking zone or offensive zone.
. The puck is made of black, vulcanized rubber. A standard puck measures one inch thick and three inches in diameter, and weighs between 5.5 and 6 ounces. The puck can be moved with the hockey stick or the feet, but picking it up with the hands is illegal.
The Hockey Stick
. A stick held by each player and used to retrieve, control, carry, pass and shoot the puck. Goals are scored by using the stick to shoot the puck into the opponents net. A shot that inadvertently deflects into the net off another players body is allowed to stand as a goal.
. A cage measuring four feet tall and six feet wide, strung with nylon mesh in the back. There are two nets at opposite ends of the ice, guarded by the goaltenders.
. Each team has six players on the ice, one goaltender see picture and five skaters see picture. The fivehtmskaters have assigned positions three forwards and two defensemen. Regardless of assigned positions, all players except the goaltender can go anywhere on the ice. The goaltender cannot cross the center ice red line that divides the rink in half.
The Game Clock
. The game is played in three 20 minute periods. The clock is stopped during all stoppages in play.
. A player can use a shoulder, hip or torso to hit or impede an opponent, but only when the opponent is in possession of the puck. A body check that targets the head is illegal. A body check to an opponents back is illegal if the opponent is facing the boards.
. Professional hockey has existed since the early 20th century. By 1902, the Western Pennsylvania Hockey League was the first to employ professionals. The league joined with teams in Michigan and Ontario to form the first fully professional leaguethe International Professional Hockey League IPHLin 1904. The WPHL and IPHL hired players from Canada; in response, Canadian leagues began to pay players who played with amateurs. The IPHL, cut off from it
. Ice hockey is a full contact sport and carries a high risk of injury.The players are moving at around 30 45 km h approximately 20 30 mph and quite a bit of the game revolves around the physical contact between the players. Skate blades, hockey sticks, shoulders, hips, and hockey pucks all contribute. The type of injuries associated with hockey include lacerations, concussions, contusions, ligament tears, broken bones, hyperextensions, and musc
. Although fighting is officially prohibited in the rules, it is both a target of criticism and a considerable draw for the sport. At the professional level in North America fights are unofficially condoned. Enforcers and other players fight to demoralize the opposing players while exciting their own, as well as settling personal scores. A fight will also break out if one of the teams skilled players gets hit hard or someone gets hit by what the te