rules to play foosball

To Start a Match
1. A coin flip shall precede the start of the match. The team that wins the flip has the choice of table side or first serve. The team that loses the flip has the remaining option and must also pay for the first game, with that expense alternating thereafter. Once a team has chosen either the table side or the first serve, they may not change their decision. In the event of the losers bracket winner beating the winners bracket team in the first matc .....
The serve
2. A serve through the serving hole is used to put the ball into play at the start of the match, after a point is scored, or after a ball leaves the table. The server may attempt to influence the roll of the ball, but may not allow any part of either hand to be in the play area once the ball hits the playfield. The play area shall be defined as the area above the playing surface to the height of the side boards of the cabinet. Prior to serving the .....
Subsequent serves
3. Following the first serve of a match, subsequent serves shall be made by the team last scored upon. First serves in subsequent games of a multi game match shall be made by the team which lost the preceding game. If the ball is served by the wrong team, and the violation is discovered before the ball is scored, play shall be stopped and the ball shall be re served by the proper team. Once the ball is scored, no protests shall be allowed, and play .....
Ball in Play
4. Once a ball is put into play by the server, it shall remain in play until the ball is hit off the table, a dead ball is declared, time out is called, or a point is scored. .....
Ball Off the Table
5. If the ball should leave the playing area and strike the scoring marker, ash trays, top of the side rails, cabinet ends, or any object that is not a part of the table, the ball shall be declared off the table. The ball should be put back into play with a serve by the team which originally served that ball.A ball entering the serving cup and then returning to the playfield is still considered in play. .....
Dead ball
6. A ball shall be declared a dead ball when it has completely stopped its motion and is not within reach of any player figure. If the ball is declared dead between the goal and two man rods, it shall be put back into play by placing the ball in the corner nearest the spot of the dead ball and releasing it into play from rest. The goalie must have the assurance that the opposing team is ready for play to continue before putting the ball back into p .....
Time out
7. Each team is allowed two time outs per game during which the players may leave the table. Such time outs shall not exceed 30 seconds. If the ball is in play, time out may be called only by the team in possession of the ball, and then only if the ball is completely stopped. If the ball is not in play, either team may call time out. Rules Clarification August 1996 When calling a time out while the ball was in play, a team is allowed to take a seco .....
Resuming play after time out
8. Following a time out, the ball shall be put back into play by the player who had possession when the time out was called. If the ball was in play when the time out was called, the player [B must have the assurance that the opposing team is ready before moving the ball. The player must then move the ball from one player figure to another one and then stop the ball for a full second before the motion of a shot or pass may begin. The time limit beg .....
Official Time out
9. An official time out does not count towards the two time outs allowed per team per game. After an official time out, the ball is put back into play as though a regular time out were called. If an official is not present at the start of the match, and a dispute arises during play, either team may request an official. Such a request can be made at any point during the match that the ball is stopped or dead. The first request for an official is con .....
Point scored
10. A ball entering the goal shall count as a point, as long as it was legally scored. A ball which enters the goal but returns to the playing surface and/or leaves the table still counts as a goal. If a point is not counted on the scoring markers and both teams agree that it was previously scored and inadvertently not marked up, the point shall count. If both teams do not agree that a point was scored and not marked up, after another ball is scored .....
Table sides
11. At the end of each game, teams must switch sides of the table before play of the next game can begin. A maximum of 60 seconds is allowed between games.Either team can request the full 60 seconds. If both teams acknowledge that they are ready to resume play before the full time is used, play shall continue and the remainder of that 60 seconds is then forfeited. If a team, is not ready to play at the end of the 60 second period, that team shall be .....
Change of Positions
12. In any doubles event, each player may play only the two rods normally designated for his position. Once the ball is put into play, the players must play the same position until a point is scored, a team requests a time out, or a technical is called. Either team may switch positions during a time out, between points, between games, or before and/or after a technical foul shot. Once a team has switched positions, they may not switch back until aft .....
Spinning the Rods
13. Spinning of the rods is illegal. Spinning is defined as the rotation of any soccer figure more than 360 degrees before or after striking the ball. In calculating the 360 degrees, you do not add the degrees spun prior to striking the ball to the degrees spun after striking the ball. A ball which is advanced by an illegal spin is replayed as follows: If the ball goes in the goal, then it will not be counted as a point and will be put back into pla .....
Jarring
14. Any jarring, sliding, or lifting of the table shall be illegal. Whether or not the table jarring is done intentionally is of no consequence. This call must be made by an official. It is not necessary for a player to lose the ball for jarring to be called on his opponent. The penalty for violation of this rule: First offense the opposing team has the option of continuing play from the current position, continuing play from the point of infracti .....
Reset
15. If a player has the ball stopped and set up to shoot or pass, and the ball is unintentionally moved due to jarring by the opponent, the official present will call reset and he will reset all time limits. The player with the ball has the option of setting the ball up again, or ignoring the reset call and playing the ball where it is. Any movement of the ball, no matter how slight, may be considered grounds for a reset (example: a ball rocking in .....
Reaching Into the Playing Area
16. It is illegal for a player to reach into the play area while the ball is in play without first having permission from the opposing team, whether he touches the ball or not. However, whenever the opposing team grants a player permission to reach into the playing area, it is legal for the player to do so. A spinning ball is considered in play, even if it is not in reach of a player figure. It is illegal to reach into playing area to stop a spinnin .....
Alterations to the Table
17. Playing area no changes can be made that would affect the interior playing characteristics of the table by any player. This includes changes to the men, playing surface, bumpers, etc. A player cannot wipe sweat or spit or any foreign substance on his hand before wiping ball marks off the table. Wiping rosin on the table is illegal. Any player using a substance on their hands to improve their grip, for example, must make sure that this substance .....
Distractions
18. Any movement or sound made away from the rod where the ball is in play may be judged as a distraction. No point made as a result of a distraction will count. If a player believes he is being distracted, it is his responsibility to call for an official. Banging the five man rod or any rod prior to, during, or after a shot is considered a distraction. Moving the five man slightly after the shot has started is not considered a distraction, however. .....
Practice
19. Once a match has begun, no player may practice either his serve or shot on either the table being played or on any other table. This rule applies during time outs and between games. Practice is defined as either moving the ball (by contacting it with a player figure) or practicing the serve. Illegal Practice is a judgement call by th official present at the table. Inadvertent movement of th ball does not necessarily constitute Practice. Penalty .....
Language
20. Unsportsmanlike comments made directly or indirectly by a player are not allowed. Violations of this rule may be grounds for a technical foul. Calling the attention of the opposing team away from the game is not allowed. Any shouts or sounds made during a match, even if of an enthusiastic nature, may be grounds for a technical foul. Cursing by a player shall not be allowed. Continued cursing by a player may be cause for forfeiture of games and/o .....
Passing
21. A pinned ball on the 5 man cannot be directly advanced to the 3 man rod of the same team. It must touch at least two player figures as it is put into the motion of a pass (Except an accidental stub or squib pass SEE 21.1c). A pinned ball is on that is pinned to the wall or playfield. A ball whose motion has clearly stopped may be legally passed if this pass if immediate. Any hesitation befor the pass and the pass shall be declared illegal. Once a .....
Time of Possession
22. Enforcement of the time of possession rule shall be made only by an authorized tournament official. Possession of the ball at any one rod shall be limited to 15 seconds, except the five man rod which has a ten second limit, by the end of which time period the player in possession must advance the ball to or past at least one rod of the opposing team. A spinning ball that is within reach of a player figure shall be considered to be in that rods po .....
Match time limit
23. Best of five matches shall be limited to one hour of play from the time the match is started. Best of three matches shall be limited to 35 minutes from the time the match is started. If the specified time limit expires before the match has been completed, an official will announce to the players that a ten minute overtime period will begin at that time. If the overtime period ends before the match has been completed, the winner of the match shal .....
Delay of Game
24. Play shall be continuous, except during time outs. A delay of game penalty may only be called by an official. Rules Clarification August 1996 Continuous play defined: Between balls, a player shall be allowed to wipe their brow, dry their hands, adjust their grip, change their stance, or any other activity they deem necessary to prepare themselves for the play of the next ball, providing the combination of ALL such activities takes less than 5 s .....
Forfeiture
25. Once a match has been called, both teams should report immediately to the designated table. If a team has not reported to the table within three minutes, they should be recalled. A team, upon being recalled, must report immediately to the table in order to stop the forfeiture process. A recall is made every three minutes. Penalty for second and subsequent recalls is forfeiture of a game. If a team has forfeited any games due to recalls, they get .....
Technical fouls
26. If, in the judgment of an authorized tournament official, either team competing in a match is at any time in flagrant or intentional violation of these rules of play, a technical foul may be called on the offending team. When a technical foul is called, play shall stop and the ball awarded to the opponents of the offending team at its three man rod. One shot will be taken after which play shall stop. If it scores or not, the ball shall be put ba .....
Rules Decisions and Appeals
27. If a controversy involves a question of judgement, and the official is present at the time the events in question transpired, his decision is final and no appeal may be made. If the controversy involved an interpretation of the rules, or the official was not present at the time the events in question transpired, the official shall make the most equitable decision possible under the circumstances. Decisions of this nature may be appealed, but it m .....
Code of Ethics
28. Any action of an unsportsmanlike or unethical nature during tournament play, in the tournament room, or on the grounds of the host facility, will be considered a violation of the Code of Ethics. Penalty the penalty for breaking the Code or Ethics may be forfeiture of a game or match, expulsion from the tournament, and/or a fine. Whether or not the Code of Ethics has been broken, and what is the appropriate penalty for the infraction will be de .....
Tournament director
29. The administration of tournament play shall be the responsibility of the Tournament Director. This includes making the draws, scheduling the events, timing matches, etc. The decision of the Tournament Director in such matters is final. All matters pertaining to rules of play (appointing officials, handling appeals, etc.) shall be the responsibility of the Head Official. The Tournament Director is responsible for appointing the Head Official. .....
5 bar passing
30. These 5 bar passing rules are a little complex if you have never played tournament foosball. These passing rules do not apply to the other foosball rods, just the 5 bar. You are required to pass the ball within a 10 second time period from your 5 bar rod to the 3 bar rod directly after a serve. After the initial serve, you then are allowed 15 seconds to pass from the 5 bar. A ball cannot be completely stopped on the 5 bar and passed forward to th .....
No jarring
31. Jarring is a rule for when a player slams his or her rods against the wall of the foosball table in an attempt to distract or jar the foosball loose from the other players possession. The rule is that there is no jarring allowed at any point during a game. This is not the same as when a player on the opposite team moves his or her foosball rods back and forth in an attempt to play defense. The key this rule is when a player hits the wall of the t .....
Flip a coin
32. A coin flip decides who serves the foosball to start the foosball game. After the first goal is scored, the rule is that the team who was last scored on gets to serve the next ball. This rule keeps the game fair for both opponents. The foosball must be touched by a man before the ball goes into a goal for a legal goal to occur. .....
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