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Rules to play Bobsleigh
Bobsledding, winter sport in which teams of two or four steer a sled down an icecovered track, reaching speeds of more than 135 km/h (84 mph). The fastest sled wins, often by mere hundredths of a second. The sports name comes from its early days, when sledders bobbed their bodies back and forth on straightaways to help the sled along. Bobbing was never proved to work and was soon discontinued, but it remained a part of the sports name.
Brakes are applied by lifting a lever that lowers metal teeth into the ice.
3. Push handles
The side push handles must be retractable. The rear push handles are not retractable. All push handles are used to push the bob at the start.
A hightech plastic composite helmet must be worn to prevent head injuries. Many have visors to protect the eyes, or the athlete may choose to wear goggles.
5. Start shoes
Made of synthetic material, have spikes on the soles for traction during the start push.
The sled consists of a main hull, a frame, a front and rear axle, and two sets of independent steel runners. The hull, also known as a cowling, is generally constructed of fibreglass and is open to allow team members to board and sit down.
7. Twoman sled specifications
Twoman sled Minimum weight (excluding crew) 170kg Maximum weight (including crew and equipment) 390kg(Womens sled 340 kg.) Maximum length 2.70 metres Maximum width 0.67 metres.
8. Fourman sled specifications
Minimum weight (excluding crew) 210kg Maximum weight (including crew and equipment) 630kg Maximum length 3.80 metres Maximum width 0.67 metres.
9. Steering control
The driver controls the sled with his hands and fingers, using rings that are attached by ropes to a steering mechanism.
10. Olympic history
In 1924, a fourman race took place at the first ever Olympic Winter Games in Chamonix. A twoman event was added at the 1932 Lake Placid Games in a format that has remained to the present. The first womens bobsleigh event the twowoman bobsled was held in 2002.
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