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Rules to play Biathlon
11. Special Requirements for Biathlon
Learn that before even contemplating this sport, shooting lessons are recommended, a gun license is mandatory and learn how to safely handle a firearm. It sounds obvious, but the class of gun license you want would be one that allow you to use a rifle for competition purpose.
12. In some countries
In some countries, to secure a shooters license may require an examination. Minors may have restricted licenses or may not be permitted to carry arms outside a licensed shooting range. In these cases Biathlon competitions will need to be modified to accommodate the firearms legislation of the local jurisdiction.
13. How to Train for Biathlon
You have to be very fit. Train in endurance sports like long distance running. Get used to carrying the gun when you go for a run first, then move on to skiing. If your country does not permit the carrying of firearms outside a designated range, practice by running with a backpack carrying a weight of about 5 kilos.
14. Train in shooting on prone position and standing at a rifle range
Train to be accurate. Train to hold the firearm always in the same position. Work on accurate target shooting then get the process faster and quicker. Its all about speed and consistency. Train to always lie prone in exactly the same position, likewise the standing position must be perfected to the optimum position for accurate shooting
15. In winter
In winter, enrol in cross country skiing lessons. Join in cross country ski races as part of your training program to ski fast. This is an all terrain, all weather sport learn to ski up the hills and how to handle icy tracks. Make sure you conserve energy on the downhill sections by keeping your arms freely sway back behind you, so you have more energy to push for the uphill sections and the final sprint finish.
The following articles list mr international biathlon events and medalists. Contrary to the Olympics and World Championships (BWCH), the World Cup (BWC) is an entire winter season of (mostly) weekly races, where the medalists are those with the highest sums of World Cup points at the end of the season.
17. Basic concepts
A biathlon competition consists of a race in which contestants ski around a cross country trail system, and where the total distance is broken up by either two or four shooting rounds, half in prone position, the other half standing. Depending on the shooting performance, extra distance or time is added to the contestants total running distance time. As in most races, the contestant with the shortest total time wins.Depending on the shooting performance, extra distance or time is added to the contestants total running distance time. For each shooting round, the biathlete must hit five targets; the skier receives a penalty for each missed target, which varies according to the competition rules.
18. Skiing details
All cross country skiing techniques are permitted in biathlon, which means that the free technique is usually the preferred one, being the fastest. No equipment other than skis and ski poles may be used to move along the track. Minimum ski length is the height of the skier less 4 centimetres (1.6 in). The rifle has to be carried by the skier during the race at all times.
19. Shooting details
The biathlete carries a small bore rifle, which weighs at least 3.5 kilograms (7.7 lb), excluding ammunition and magazines. The rifles use .22 LR ammunition and are bolt action or Fortner (straight pull bolt) action.The target range shooting distance is 50 metres (160 ft). There are five circular targets to be hit in each shooting round. When shooting in the prone position the target diameter is 45 millimetres (1.8 in); when shooting in the standing position the target diameter is 115 millimetres (4.5 in). On all modern biathlon ranges, the targets are self indicating, in that they flip from black to white when hit, giving the biathlete as well as the spectators instant visual feedback for each shot fired.
20. Biathlon variants
Two common variations on traditional winter biathlon are summer biathlon, where skiing is replaced by a cross country run, and archery biathlon (ski archery), where the rifle is replaced by a recurve bow.There have also been summer competitions in roller ski biathlon, mountain bike biathlon, orienteering biathlon, and run archery. Primitive Biathlon uses snowshoes and muzzleloaders.The Boy Scouts of America offers a Bikeathlon variant at their national Scout jamboree that mixes BMX biking with air rifle shooting at biathlon type targets.Cadets Canada also offers biathlon to cadets across Canada, with three stages: zones, provincial, and national. Zone competitions are occasionally, due to lack of snow in some southern areas, held as summer biathlon. A .22LR caliber rifle is used at all levels. Races are shorter than world class events.The World Police and Fire Games offer a summer variant which combines cross country running with service pistol shooting.The Russian Military runs tank biathlon competitions.
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