queen victoria

Biography
1. Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 22 January 1901) was the monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she used the additional title of Empress of India.Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III. Both the Duke of Kent and King George III died in 1820, and Victoria was raised under close supervision by her .....
The Girl Who Would Be Queen
2. Queen Victoria was born at Kensington Palace on May 24, 1819 to Edward, the Duke of Kent (and fourth son of King George III) and German Princess Victoire of Leiningen. Although Victoria was fifth in line to the throne unlikely to become monarch the duke feared that any future claim to the throne might be challenged if she were born abroad. He ensured that his daughter was born on British soil, moving with his pregnant wife from Germany to Engla .....
Victorias Less Than Royal Childhood
3. King George IV, whose only legitimate child had died in childbirth, was resentful of his brothers daughter. He begrudgingly allowed Victoria and her mother to move into an apartment at Kensington Palace, but would only approve a small allowance. The duchesss brother, Prince Leopold (later King Leopold of Belgium), agreed to pay for Victorias upbringing and education.Tutors were hired to school Victoria in history, math, drawing, and languages. Ra .....
A Scheming Pair
4. When newly widowed, Victorias mother had turned for advice to John Conroy, a colleague of her late husband. In the years following the dukes death, the selfserving Conroy convinced the duchess that she should have herself declared Victorias regent (an agent acting on behalf of an incapacitated or underage monarch) in the event that Victoria became queen while still a minor. In this way, Conroy through the duchess could essentially control the t .....
The Young Queen
5. Weeks after assuming the throne, Queen Victoria moved to Buckingham Palace, where she began the business of ruling the nation. The young queens composure and confidence impressed the prime minister and the Privy Council (a group of high government officials and advisers to a monarch).The official coronation was held on June 28, 1838 amid great celebration. The public was enchanted by the new queen, who seemed more eager to please them than her pr .....
Courtship and Marriage
6. Victorias Uncle Leopold had long favored his German nephew Prince Albert first cousin to Victoria as the perfect candidate for marriage to the queen. When the prince and Victoria had met two years earlier, she had been impressed by Alberts looks and demeanor. Upon meeting with him a second time in October 1839, Victoria seemed smitten. Within days, she proposed to him (protocol would not allow him to propose to her), and the engagement was anno .....
The Royal Offspring
7. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert welcomed the birth of their first child, Princess Victoria in November 1840. However, the queen was not happy that shed become pregnant so soon after the wedding, and often complained in her journal about the difficulties of motherhood.Queen Victoria gave birth to a male heir, Albert (Bertie), a year later. Between 1843 and 1857, the queen had seven more children, completing her family of five daughters and four s .....
Prince Alberts Role
8. Prince Albert enjoyed being a father and found that having children had necessitated that he take on more responsibilities in the royal household. Queen Victoria increasingly relied upon him for advice, and he welcomed this new role. The prince was widely praised for organizing palace finances and eliminating wasteful spending.Prince Albert earned the admiration of the British public following an assassination attempt upon the queen in 1840. When .....
War and Rebellion
9. The British became involved in the Crimean War from 1854 to 1856. Most of the fighting took place in Russianheld Crimea, where bitter cold and disease took as many lives as battle wounds. The queen, lacking any power in military situations, felt compelled to help. She organized relief efforts, knitted socks and mittens, and visited soldiers in hospitals. In her official capacity, Queen Victoria wrote letters of condolence to war widows.British pr .....
The Death of Prince Albert
10. Queen Victoria endured the darkest year of her life in 1861, beginning with the death of her mother in March. Later in the year, her oldest son, Bertie first in line to the throne created a scandal by becoming romantically involved with an actress. Prince Albert traveled to Cambridge to chastise his son, despite feeling weak and feverish. He returned to Windsor Castle, where his condition deteriorated over the next few weeks. Prince Albert died .....
Queen Victoria and John Brown
11. Desperate to help the grieving queen, the royal physician suggested that she go horseback riding to improve her health. He sent for the groom from the queens stables in Scotland. John Brown arrived in early 1865.The handsome thirtynine year old sported a kilt and had a straightforward, somewhat rough way of talking with the queen. She responded well to him and began venturing out in public for the first time in years. Although it was clear that t .....
Later Years
12. Over the years, Queen Victoria regained her popularity by making more of an effort to attend public functions and by becoming involved in charitable causes. She kept close contact with an everchanging roster of prime ministers, always ready with an opinion on the issues of the day.The queen celebrated her Diamond Jubilee in 1897, marking sixty years as monarch. She was proud of the many jubilee biographies that were written about her, several of .....
Synopsis
13. Queen Victoria, the only child of George IIIs fourth son, Edward, and sister of Leopold, king of the Belgians, was queen of Great Britain for 63 yearslonger than any other British monarch and the longest of any female monarch in history. Victorias reign saw great cultural expansion and advances in industry, science, communications, and the building of railways and the London Underground. She died in England in 1901. .....
Early Life
14. Queen Victoria, who served as queen of Great Britain from 1837 until her death in 1901, and as empress of India from 1876, was born Alexandrina Victoria on May 24, 1819, in London, England. Victoria was the only child of George IIIs fourth son, Edward, and Victoria Maria Louisa of SaxeCoburg, sister of Leopold, king of the Belgians.Taught by Lord Melbourne, her first prime minister, at a young age, Victoria had a clear grasp of both constitutiona .....
Queen of England
15. Strongly influenced by her husband, with whom she worked in closest harmony, after his death in 1861, Victoria went into lengthy seclusion. She neglected many duties, which brought her unpopularity and motivated a republican movement. But with her recognition as empress of India, and the celebratory golden (1887) and diamond (1897) jubilees, she rose high in her subjects favor, and increased the prestige of the monarchy.Victoria had strong prefer .....
Victorias Childhood
16. When Alexandrina Victoria was born in Kensington Palace on May 24, 1819, there seemed little chance that she would ever succeed as the ruling monarch of Great Britain and Ireland eighteen years later. Her father, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, was the fourth son of the reigning King George III. He was one of the less inspiring figures of the populous royal familya man of somewhat middleclass sensibilities who had been discharged from the army for b .....
She was barely five feet tall
17. Queen Victorias outspoken nature and imposing reputation belied her tiny stature the monarch was no more than five feet tall. In her later years, she also grew to an impressive girth. Some accounts claim she had a 50inch waist by the end of her life, a conclusion supported by the impressive size of a nightgown and pair of bloomers (underwear) belonging to Victoria that were auctioned off in 2009. .....
She proposed to her husband Prince Albert and not vice versa
18. Victoria first met her future husband, Prince Albert of SaxeCoburgGotha, when she was 16. He was her first cousin, the son of her mothers brother; their mutual uncle, the ambitious Leopold, engineered the meeting with the idea that the two should marry. Victoria enjoyed Alberts company from the beginning, and with Leopolds encouragement she proposed to Albert (as she was the queen, he could not propose to her) on October 15, 1839, five days after .....
She was raised by a single mother
19. Victoria was the only child of Edward, duke of Kent, the fourth son of King George III. Her father died of pneumonia in 1820, when Victoria was less than a year old, and she was raised primarily at Kensington Palace, where she lived with her mother, the Germanborn Victoria SaxeSaalfieldCoburg, duchess of Kent. Third in line for the throne (after the duke of York, who died in 1827, and the duke of Clarence, third son of George III, who would becom .....
Royal disease
20. Hemophilia, a blood clotting disorder caused by a mutation on the X chromosome, can be passed along the maternal line within families; men are more likely to develop it, while women are usually carriers. Sufferers can bleed excessively, since their blood does not properly coagulate, leading to extreme pain and even death. Victorias son Leopold, Duke of Albany, died from blood loss after he slipped and fell; her grandson Friedrich bled to death at .....
Riding in a carriage
21. In 1840, an 18yearold named Edward Oxford fired two shots at the young queens carriage while she was riding in London. Accused of high treason, he was found not guilty by reason of insanity. Another wouldbe assassin, John Francis, made not one but two attempts to shoot the queen in her carriage in 1842. That same year, young John William Bean tried to fire a gun loaded with paper and tobacco at the queen, but the charge was insufficient. Two more .....
Born a Princess
22. Princess Victoria Alexandria was born on May 24, 1819 at Kensington Palace in London. Her father was Edward, the Duke of Kent and her mother was Princess Victoria of Germany.Victoria lived the life of a young royal and her mother was very protective. She had little contact with other children spending most of her days with adult tutors and playing with dolls when she was young. As she grew older she enjoyed painting, drawing, and writing in her d .....
Heir to the Crown
23. When Victoria was born, she was fifth in line for the crown of England. It seemed unlikely that she would ever be queen. However, after several of her uncles failed to have children, she became heir to the throne of the current king, William IV. .....
Becoming Queen
24. When King William IV died in 1837, Victoria became Queen of the United Kingdom at the age of eighteen. Her official coronation took place on June 28, 1838. Victoria was determined to be a good queen and to restore the faith of the people of the United Kingdom in the monarchy. One of the first things she did was to pay off her fathers debts. The people liked her from the start.Victoria didnt know a lot about how to govern, however, she made a good .....
The Victorian Era
25. The time of Victorias reign was a period of prosperity and peace for Great Britain. It was a time of industrial expansion and the building of railroads. One of the achievements of the time was the Great Exhibition of 1851. A huge building called the Crystal Palace was built in London that housed a number of technological exhibits from around the world. Prince Albert took part in the planning and it was a huge success. .....
Death and Legacy
26. In her later years, Victoria did not permit knocking at her bedroom door. Family members announced their presence by a gentle scratching.Queen Victoria died near Cowes, Isle of Wight, England, and was succeeded by her son, Edward VII. At the time of her death, Victoria was hailed as an exemplary monarch. Victorias stern view on morality, and the preeminence of Britain on the world stage under her rule, helped define the age that bears her name. .....
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