precaution while using lpg

What is LPG
1. The basic idea of LPG is simple. If youre far from a gas main (the ordinary system of natural gas supplied to buildings through a network of pipes), simply get your gas from a large fixed tank or a portable canister or bottle. As its name suggests, LPG is a fossil fuel closely linked to oil. About two thirds of the LPG people use is extracted directly from the Earth in the same way as ordinary natural gas. The rest is manufactured indirectly from .....
Propane and butane
2. LPG is a mixture of two flammable but nontoxic gases called propane and butane. Both of these are hydrocarbons (their molecules are made from different combinations of hydrogen and carbon atoms): propane molecules (C3H8) have eight hydrogen atoms attached to three carbon atoms, while butane molecules (C4H10) have ten hydrogen atoms bonded to four carbon atoms. LPG sometimes contains a variation of butane called isobutane, which has the same compo .....
Using LPG
3. Roughly half the LPG people use is consumed in homes for heating and cooking (in other words, instead of piped natural gas). Typically, this kind of LPG is delivered by road to a large tank placed safely outside a home or other building (for safety reasons). Its also possible to buy reusable gas canisters (from such companies as Calor in the UK) for powering standalone stoves, heaters, barbecues, and outdoor patio heaters (now frowned upon becaus .....
What are the pros
4. The main reason for converting to LPG is its superb portability and convenience: it can be used in remote places where ordinary gas supplies are unavailable. That doesnt just mean rural homes: large LPG canisters are extremely useful in disasters and emergencies where supplies of electricity and gas have either been interrupted or never existed in the first place. Although LPG is a fossil fuel, its relatively clean compared to such things as coal .....
What are the cons
5. The two big disadvantages of LPG are safety and cost. Keeping a gas pressurized at 274 times less space than it would normally occupy requires extremely sturdy metal tanks and its hardly surprising that LPG containers do occasionally explode. Explosions of gas canisters on building sites are far from uncommon, for example. In theory, since LPG is highly flammable, transporting it by road and storing it in large tanks in populated areas should be .....
Check the leaking gas
6. Before igniting the gas, we should make sure that there is no foul smell of the leaking gas. If there is foul smell of gas, then the doors and windows should be opened at once to allow the gas to escape. The gas cylinder, rubber tubing and gas stove should then be properly checked to detect the cause of gas leakage. Preferably a mechanic should be called to set right the defect. The gas should be used only after the defect has been rectified. Nev .....
We should not use any open flames
7. We should not use any open flames like a kerosene stove or electric heater near the gas cylinder. Before igniting the gas, we should make sure that there is no foul smell of the leaking gas. If there is foul smell of gas, then the doors and windows should be opened at once to allow the gas to escape. The gas cylinder, rubber tubing and gas stove should then be properly checked to detect the cause of gas leakage. .....
Checked regularly the rubber pipe
8. The rubber pipe connecting the gas cylinder to gas stove should be checked regularly for any wear and tear. Preferably a mechanic should be called to set right the defect. The gas should be used only after the defect has been rectified. Never use a leaking gas cylinder. We should not use any open flames like a kerosene stove or electric heater near the gas cylinder. .....
Close the cylinder value
9. Close the cylinder value when the gas stove is not in use. The rubber pipe connecting the gas cylinder to gas stove should be checked regularly for any wear and tear. The gas cylinder should be handled with care to avoid any damage to the cylinder valve. While lighting the gas stove, first open the cylinder (regulator) valve and then turn the knob of the gas stove. .....
Store your LPG cylinders
11. Store your LPG cylinders and tanks in places which have a flat surface. They should be kept away from direct heat sources. The LPG storage area or cylinders should also be away from direct sunlight, hail, rain, heat as well as dust. We should not keep any hot flames like kerosene lamp, kerosene stove or electric heater near the gas cylinder. The gas agency should be informed in case of a leaking gas cylinder and it should be replaced at the earli .....
Cylinders should never be placed in closed areas
12. Cylinders should never be placed in closed areas. At the same time, the cooking stoves should also be kept a little away from the cylinders and not immediately above it. In case there is a suspected LPG leak, all the doors and windows should be opened in . The rubber pipe connecting the gas cylinder to gas stove should be checked periodically for any wear and tear. .....
Safety Tips
13. LPG is being used in almost all sectors, domestic commercial and industrial. It has proved itself to be one of the most costeffective, less hazardous, environmentfriendly fuels. Still due to some of its properties, LPG uses have been marred by accidents, which cannot be termed as sporadic incidents. LPG has to be used in accordance with certain safety measures. Incorrect use of LPG can result in explosions, fires, loss of property and most impor .....
Safety Tips for Home
14. LPG is a popular and efficient energy source used in homes for cooking. It is imperative that you take good care and use it safely and responsibly. LPG Cylinders are strong and cannot be damaged easily. However leaks can occur from cylinder, valves and pipe connections if it is not kept in good condition or if considerable care is not taken while replacing them. .....
While receiving cylinders
15. Check the cylinder has been delivered with the company seal and safety cap intact If you are not sure about usage, please ask the delivery person for a demonstration Cylinders must be installed at ground level on a level surface. Before lighting a match stick we should make sure that there is no foul smell of the leaking gas in the kitchen, near the gas cylinder or gas stove. If we smell gas leakage on entering the kitchen, then the door and wind .....
Before Usage
16. Check to see that rubber .....
After Usage
17. Close the regulator knob to .....
Safety when you smell gas
18. If you smell gas in the street or on your property before or including the meter, you should call your natural gas distribution company to locate and repair the leak. If however, you believe the leak to be after the meter on a section of pipe work connecting your appliances, or on the appliance itself, you can contact any licensed gasfitter to rectify the problem. Remember, any person undertaking work involving gas must be appropriately licensed. .....
Tips to avoid running out of gas
19. If you use LPG in your home or business, youll know firsthand how important it is to keep your gas topped up. Heres a handy guide to managing your LPG supply to prevent outofgas experiences and keep those cold showers at bay. Today we find that LPG is being used in almost all sectors, domestic commercial and industrial. It has proved itself to be one of the most costeffective, less hazardous, environmentfriendly fuels. Still due to some of its pr .....
Exchange cylinders
20. The most common type of installation is exchange cylinders. This is where two LPG cylinders are connected by a changeover lever. When one cylinder becomes empty, you switch the lever over to the full one. If you have exchange cylinders, the best way to avoid running out of gas is to place an order for a replacement cylinder as soon as one runs out. If there are other people at home or work that use the changeover lever, get them to tell you each .....
In situ or tankerfill supply
21. If you use a lot of LPG, you probably have large cylinders or even tanks on your property. This is known as in situ or tankerfill supply and instead of needing to order, your gas will be delivered on a regular basis from your local terminal.Because your LPG is delivered based on a schedule that suits your typical usage, its important to let us know as soon as possible if youre running low or using more LPG than usual. This allows an LPG tanker to .....
Single cylinder
22. Finally, if you dont use a lot of LPG, you may only have one cylinder on your property. This is common with residential customers who only use gas for cooking or who live in warmer climates like Queensland.If there is only one cylinder on your property, we recommend paying special attention to your usage by marking the dates of your LPG orders on a calendar so you can work out when your next order will fall due. Its also a good idea to give us a .....
Check the level of gas in your cylinders
23. If you use LPG cylinders, you can check how much gas is left by using the hot water test. Carefully pour hot water down the side of the cylinder and then, after a few moments, run your hand down it. It will feel cool to the touch at the level of the gas. Of course, exercise caution when handling the hot water.Larger tanks will have a gauge which measures how much gas is left. .....
Be conscious of house guests and new appliances
24. While utilityusing visitors and shiny new gas appliances are two of our favourite things, they may not be yours if they run you out of gas! Be conscious that youll go through LPG faster with the additional usage. Safety and well being of people is of utmost concern at all Jyothi Gas business units. Our safety view encompasses our own assets and people, as well as those of our customers, partners and the general public. .....
Plan to order earlier in winter
25. When the cold sets in and your gas heater comes on, youll go through LPG much quicker. Even if you dont have gas heating, your local terminal will be much busier than in the warmer months and its a wise idea to leave plenty of time for delivery. The empty cylinders must be stored in a cool and well ventilated place with safety cap put on. .....
Ask about delivery arrangements in your area
26. Delivery days vary from location to location. This is because most LPG suppliers plan their delivery runs to provide all their customers with regular opportunities to receive gas. This may mean deliveries in your area happen daily, twiceweekly, on the same day each week, or as required depending on the orders received. When you first set up an account with us or next time youre talking to our LPG experts, its a good idea to learn when deliveries .....
Allow clear access to your property
27. If we cant get access to your property, we may not be able to deliver your LPG. If there are any dogs, goats or crocodiles about (were looking at you, Darwin customers!) make sure theyre restrained and let us know in advance so we can make a note for any future deliveries.Gates should also be left unlocked, and anything blocking access to your LPG installation will need to be cleared. .....
Comparison with natural gas
28. LPG is composed primarily of propane and butane, while natural gas is composed of the lighter methane and ethane. LPG, vaporised and at atmospheric pressure, has a higher calorific value (94MJ/m3 equivalent to 26.1kWh/m3) than natural gas (methane) (38MJ/m3 equivalent to 10.6kWh/m3), which means that LPG cannot simply be substituted for natural gas. In order to allow the use of the same burner controls and to provide for similar combustion charac .....
Liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas
29. Liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas (LPG or LP gas), also referred to as simply propane or butane, is a flammable mixture of hydrocarbon gases used as a fuel in heating appliances, cooking equipment, and vehicles.It is increasingly used as an aerosol propellant and a refrigerant, replacing chlorofluorocarbons in an effort to reduce damage to the ozone layer. When specifically used as a vehicle fuel it is often referred to as autogas. .....
Adequate ventilation in the home
30. It is important that the home have proper ventilation when using LPG. This will forestall any breathing problems that may result from inhaling the gas. As such, homeowners must ensure that the doors are not sealed .....
Regular maintenance of LPG appliances
31. Being a highrisk energy form, all LPG appliances need regular maintenance to ensure that they remain in good condition. Regular servicing can help unearth any potential leakages or mishaps at the earliest opportunity. It provides homeowners with an ample opportunity to correct these errors before they mushroom into disaster. While servicing these appliances, it is wise to engage the services of an expert or contact a retailer for assistance. .....
Keep children away from all LPG appliances
32. It is responsibility of parents to ensure that their children do not operate any LPG appliance under any circumstance. These young ones are naturally curious; they might wish to explore how these appliances function. Their curiosity could prove costly to the house and its occupants. Parents should ensure that their children do not gain access to these LPG appliances because kids do not have the knowhow to operate these machines. .....
Separate LPG appliances from combustible materials
33. LPG appliances and combustible materials should not be in close proximity. As a safety measure, homeowners must keep their LPG appliances away from combustible components like furniture and curtains. This will reduce the chances of these materials catching fire and causing damage to other properties in the home. .....
Proper storage of LPG cylinders
34. LPG cylinders must always be stored in a safe place away from things that could trigger them to explode. Of equal importance is the need to use and store them in an upright position. This position is safe enough to ensure that no liquid seeps out of the cylinder. .....
Switch off the cylinder valve
35. After using an LPG appliance, it is advisable to close its cylinder valve. Those that have clipons should be turned off at their regulators. Switching off the cylinder valve is advisable especially in instances where the family is going away for a long time. Failure to do so could result in a leakage eventually culminating in disastrous results. In a world where efficient energy solutions are a major concern, LPG is established as an effective en .....
Properties
36. LPG is a colourless liquid that evaporates into a gas. It has no smell, but does have an odour added to help detect leaks. It can burn or explode when it mixes with air in the right proportions and finds an ignition source. It is heavier than air. It can flow for long distances along the ground, and can collect in drains, gullies and cellars. LPG is supplied in pressurised cylinders to keep it liquefied. The cylinders are strong and not easily da .....
Basic safety rules
37. Ensure all fixed LPG installations are fitted and serviced by a licensed or registered gas fitter. The gasfitter is responsible for ensuring new or replacement appliances are connected, tested and adjusted properly. The gasfitter should explain appliance operating instructions to the consumer and provide them with a copy. Keep LPG appliances and fittings in first class condition. Have them regularly serviced. Check the appliance manual or contact .....
LPG Cabinet Heater Safety
38. Have portable LPG cabinet heaters serviced regularly to ensure all parts are leak free and operating properly.Click here for a list of service agents. Keep a clear zone around the heater of at least 1 metre when in use and keep it away from combustible materials such as curtains and furniture. Keep children supervised at all times when in a room with an LPG cabinet heater. .....
Cylinder is kept upright
39. As long as the cylinder is kept upright any leaks will generally be of LPG vapour. If liquid LPG leaks it can cause cold burns to the skin and rapidly expand to produce a large volume of vapour. Check for any visible signs of leakage .....
Do not use unflued LPG appliances in bedrooms
40. Do not use unflued LPG appliances in bedrooms, bathrooms or sleeping annexes under any circumstances. Do not use them in caravans, marine vessels and other mobile vehicles. Incorrect use of LPG can result in explosions, fires, loss of property and most importantly, loss of lives. Do not neglect issues like leaking gas cylinders or tubes, damaged regulators, incorrect method of storage of LPG cylinders, etc. .....
Used correctly
41. Used correctly, LPG is a safe product. However, being a combustible fuel, we must recognise the potential dangers it can present and minimise risk to our customers, employees and the wider public alike. At Flogas, we view Safety as our top priority. We have a rigorous process of Safety Management across our organisation and at customer installations. This includes a programme of random site audits, staff training for all depot staff and tanker dr .....
Cylinders should never be placed in closed areas1
42. Cylinders should never be placed in closed areas. At the same time, the cooking stoves should also be kept a little away from the cylinders and not immediately above it. In case there is a suspected LPG leak, all the doors and windows should be opened in order to provide proper ventilation. The regulator of the LPG cylinder should be switched off and there should all attempts to get in touch with the LPG provider. People in the house should conta .....
Safety Tips for Home 1
43. LPG is a popular and efficient energy source used in homes for cooking. It is imperative that you take good care and use it safely and responsibly. LPG Cylinders are strong and cannot be damaged easily. However leaks can occur from cylinder, valves and pipe connections if it is not kept in good condition or if considerable care is not taken while replacing them. .....
LPG is on fire
44. If you have a fire fighting equipment, make sure that you know how to use it, and that it is maintained regularly. If you can .....
Call Fire Department immediately
45. If you feel the situation is not under control of you, call experts or call Fire Department immediately. It is illegal to use domestic cylinder for commercial purpose. LPG has the potential to create a fire or an explosion. Therefore, it is important that the properties and safe handling of LPG are understood and implemented in the domestic and commercial/industrial usages. If you smell or suspect a gas leak, extinguish all naked flames and avoi .....
Before igniting the gas
46. Before igniting the gas, we should make sure that there is no foul smell of the leaking gas. If there is foul smell of gas, then the doors and windows should be opened at once to allow the gas to escape. The gas cylinder, rubber tubing and gas stove should then be properly checked to detect the cause of gas leakage. Preferably a mechanic should be called to set right the defect. The gas should be used only after the defect has been rectified. Nev .....
How to handle LPG safely
47. Liquefied Petroleum gases are highly combustible and inflammable when comes in contact with the source of any ignition in air. Millions of people in the world are utilizing this LPG as the most convenient, economical and pollution free cooking purposes. But it requires some safe handling procedure to avoid any accident. LPG is stored in the high tensile steel container under high pressure but the high pressure gas may start leaking from any weak .....
What to do in case of LPG leaking
48. 1.In case of any sign of gas leaking immediately turn off the regulator valve to stop gas flow. 2.Open the doors and windows to exhaust the accumulated gas outside the kitchen room. 3.Wait for half an hour till the total accumulated gas is completely removed. 4.Do not turn on regulator switch, gas oven or any other source of ignition till the kitchen room is completely free from leakage gas and safe for cooking. 5.If it is difficult to control th .....
What to do when LPG is on fire
49. Miniature fire extinguisher kept in house should be used immediately to extinguish initial fire broke out from gas cylinder. Simultaneously, fire brigade may be called if the fire does not come under immediate control. 2.Assessing the situation evacuate everyone from the building. 3.Small fire can be extinguished immediately with the help of wet cloth and then turnoff the regulator switch immediately. .....
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