Narendra Damodardas Modi is the 15th and current Prime Minister of India. Modi.
11. Formative Years
Narendra Modis inspiring life journey to the Office of Prime Minister began in the by-lanes of Vadnagar, a small town in North Gujarats Mehsana district. He was born on the 17th of September 1950; three years after India had gained its Independence. This makes him the first Prime Minister to be born in independent India. Mr. Modi is the third child born to Damodardas Modi and Hiraba Modi. Mr. Modi comes from a family of humble origins and modest means. The entire family lived in a small single storey house which was approximately 40 feet by 12 feet.Narendra Modis formative years taught him early tough lessons as he balanced his studies, non-academic life to spare time to work at the family owned Tea Stall as the family struggled to make ends meet. His school friends remember that as a child also he was very industrious and had an affinity for debates and a curiosity to read books. Schoolmates recollect how Mr. Modi used to spend many hours reading in the local Library. As a child he was also fond of swimming.
Mr. Modis thoughts and dreams as a child were quite removed from how most children of his age thought. Perhaps it was the influence of Vadnagar which once used to be a vibrant center of Buddhist learning and spirituality many centuries ago. As a child also he always felt a strong urge to make a difference to society. He was highly influenced by the works of Swami Vivekananda which laid the foundation of his journey towards spiritualism and which inspired him to pursue the mission to fulfill Swamijis dream of making India a Jagat Guru.At the age of 17 he left home to travel across India. For two years he travelled across the expansive landscape of India exploring various cultures. When he returned home he was a changed man with a clear aim of what he wanted to achieve in life. He went to Ahmedabad and joined Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). RSS is a socio-cultural organisation working towards the social and cultural regeneration of India. It was a tough routine for Narendra Modi in Ahmedabad since 1972 when he became a Pracharak for RSS. His day began at 5 am and went on till late night. Late 1970s also saw a young Narendra Modi join the movement to restore Democracy in India which was reeling under Emergency.While continuing to shoulder different responsibilities within the Sangh during the 1980s Narendra Modi emerged as an Organizer exemplar with his organizing skills. In 1987 a different chapter began in the life of Mr. Modi when he started work as the General Secretary of the BJP in Gujarat. In his first task Mr. Modi won a victory for the BJP in Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation elections for the first time ever. He also ensured that the BJP was a close second to the Congress in the 1990 Gujarat Assembly elections. In the 1995 Assembly elections Mr. Modis organizational skills ensured the BJPs vote share increased and the party won 121 seats in the Assembly.
Mr. Modi worked as the National Secretary of BJP from 1995 looking after partys activities in Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. As BJPs General Secretary Organisation he worked to ensure the BJP won the 1998 Lok Sabha elections. It was in September 2001 that Mr. Modi received a phone call from then Prime Minister Vajpayee which opened a new chapter in his life taking him from the rough and tumble of Organizational Politics to the world of Governance.
12. Political Career of Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi always had a zeal to serve and help people. As a young boy during the Indo-Pak war in the mid 60s, Narendra Modi voluntarily offered service to the soldiers in alteration at the railway stations. He also served the people of Gujarat during the flood in 1967. Modi started working in Gujarat State Road Transport Corporations staff canteen. Eventually from there he became a full-time proponent and campaigner, commonly called a pracharak, of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). Modi later underwent training in the RSS camp in Nagpur. It is a prerequisite for any RSS member to take up the training course for holding any official position in the Sangh Parivar. Narendra Modi was given charge of the student wing in the Sangh in Gujarat, which is better known as Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP).
Narendra Modi was an efficient organizer from a very young age. During the Emergency, he arranged for covert circulation of pamphlets featuring Sanghs protest and also organized agitations against the rule. During his RSS days he met the two Jan Sangh leaders Vasant Gajendragadkar and Nathalal Jaghda who later founded the state unit of Bharatiya Janata Party in Gujarat. Later in the year 1987, the RSS deputed Narendra Modi to politics by endorsing him in the Bharatiya Janata Party. Modis efficiency was acknowledged and he rose to prominence after organizing the Ekta Yatra for Murli Manohar Joshi.
13. Political Journey of Narendra Modi
Became the General Secretary of the Bharatiya Janata Party in its Gujarat unit in 1988.Recognized as a key strategist by the Bharatiya Janata Party for being instrumental in successfully campaigning for the party in the 1995 and 1998 elections in the state of Gujarat, which led the party to become the ruling party of the state of Gujarat.Successfully organized two challenging events on a national level: 1) Somnath to Ayodhya Rath Yatra, a long march by Mr. L. K. Advani and 2) a march from Kanyakumari (southern tip of India) to Kashmir (northern tip of India). These two events are considered to have attributed in bringing Bharatiya Janata Party to power in 1998.In 1995 Narendra Modi was appointed Secretary of the Bharatiya Janata Party at national level.Narendra Modi has been credited for having successfully carried out the responsibility of revamping the party organization in different states.In 1998 Narendra Modi was promoted as General Secretary and held the position till October 2001.Narendra Modi became the Chief Minister of the state of Gujarat for the first time in October 2001 after his predecessor Keshubhai Patel resigned from the post following the defeat of Bharatiya Janata Party in the by-elections.
14. Awards Won
On the centenary celebration of Shri Poona Gujarati Bandhu Samaj, Narendra Modi was conferred with the Gujarat Ratna award at the Ganesh Kala Krida Manch.The computer society of India bestowed him the e-Ratna award.In 2009, the FDi magazine honoured him as the Asian Winner of the FDi Personality of the Year Award.
In 2006, India Today conducted a nationwide survey that declared him as the Best Chief Minister in India.In March 2012, the Time magazine featured him on the cover page of its Asian edition. He is one of the very few politicians of India to be feature on the cover of Time.
16. The Man of the Moment
The Man of the Moment: Narendra Modi authored by M V Kamath and Kalindi Randeri uncovers the life and the development of a perfect politician who has expanded the boundaries of politics in India. The book unravels the motivations and the astonishing stamina of Narendra Modi to remain firm in the face of criticism.
17. The NaMo Story
The NaMo Story: A Political Life by Kingshuk Nag gives a brilliant portrayal of an exceptional politician, Narendra Modi, depicting his journey from a tea vendors son to the Chief Minister of Gujarat. The book begins with a short history of the political situation and reforms of the 1990s. It goes on to describe how Modi utilised his administrative skills to build up the Hindutva agenda for the BJP.
18. The Gamechanger
Sudesh Vermas Narendra Modi -The Gamechanger shows Narendra Modi as a gamechanger, one who knows how to affect people with his work and turn the tables on his opponents. The book is based on all-inclusive interviews of Modi and his close associates about the things and incidents that shaped his thoughts and actions and the way Modi evolved as a man. An average man can find a reflection of his own struggle in the life of Modi.
19. Early Life
Narendra Modi was born in the small town of Vadnagar, in northern Gujarat, India. His father was a street merchant who struggled to support the family. Young Narendra and his brother sold tea near a bus terminal to help out. Though an average students in school, Modi spent hours in the library and was known as a strong debater. In his early teens, he joined Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad, the student wing of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist political party.
20. A Life Dedicated to Politics
Modi married at 18 but spent little time with his bride and eventually ended the marriage. He dedicated his life to politics in Gujarat, joining the RSS in 1971. During the 1975-77 political crisis, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declared a state of emergency, banning political organizations such as the RSS. Modi went underground and wrote a book, Sangharsh ma Gujarat (Gujarat in Emergency), which chronicles his experiences as a political fugitive. In 1978, Modi graduated from Delhi University with a degree in political science and completed his masters work at Gujarat University in 1983.
In 1987, Narendra Modi joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) which stood for Hindu nationalism. His rise through the ranks was rapid, as he wisely chose mentors to further his career. He promoted privatization of businesses, small government and Hindu values. In 1995, Modi was elected BJP national secretary, a position from which he successfully helped settle internal leadership disputes, paving the way for BJP election victories in 1998.
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