Check the tyre condition
. In winter season, the old and overused tyres get cracked that low downs the tyre grip and stability. Also ensure that you never over inflate the tyres as it might damage the tyres. The tyre pressure should be lower than the tyre pressure that you inflate in summers. Suppose in summer season, the tyre pressure of your car is 35 then your tyre pressure in winter should be 30.
Replace the wipers
. Wipers play a vital role while driving in winters. When you drive in a chilly season the windshield of the car gets choked with fog which distracts the road visibility. To clean the windshield, wipers are used and if the wipers are quite old, they might not clean the windshield thoroughly. Therefore, it is advisable to get the car wipers replaced before the arrival of winter.
Inspect the windshield washer fluid of your car
. To clean the fog, not only wipers play an important role, but also the windshield washer fluid has it own importance. Generally, the windshield washing fluid is used in excess by the users to keep the windshield shining and sparkling. You must check the availability of washing fluid in the car as it might be used to remove snow or fog along with the wipers.
Inspect the radiator and antifreeze
. The cars these days have the anti-freeze and coolant added in them that allows the engine to maintain a normal temperature during hot and chilly seasons. Always ensure that the antifreeze solution has 50: 50 mix of water and antifreeze solution. This solution enters into the radiator which stabilizes the engine temperature.
Check Engine oil periodically
. Internal parts of a car including the parts of engine and suspension systems start getting wear and tear over a period of time. Thus, changing the engine oil as per schedule prevents these parts from catching the dirt or metal particles so that the crucial parts of the engine can work smoothly without generating excessive heat.
Check Your Battery
. You should always check or test your battery before leaving for a long journey.The battery should be cleaned regularly by removing the clamps, grease and dirt from the terminal panel. Even a thin layer of dirt can discharge the battery by conducting electricity.
Checkup the Fluid Levels of Battery
. The Fluid levels of the battery should be maintained by checking-it-up regularly. If the level has gone below the required mark than you should add some more distilled water.
Go easy with acceleration
. It's important to accelerate gently and better don't make use of it unnecessarily. Basically, hard and unnecessary use of acceleration eats fuel by over 35% and therefore it's recommended to go easy and slow for enhancing fuel efficiency
Avoiding too much use of clutch
. If you are driving a car with manual transmission then one must keep in mind that driving a vehicle with clutch pressed absorbs more fuel. Too much use of clutch not only cosumes more fuel but also damages the clutch plates.
Try to maintain the speed constant
. It's advisable to make the use of cruise control feature. If the speeds are kept constant, it will definitely improve the fuel mileage of the vehicle by almost 14%. On the contrary, a fluctuating speed can drain fuel from your car's tank
Maintain the tyre pressure
. Driving your vehicle with correct tyre pressure is one of the most essential driving tips to improve mileage and save fuel. The owner's manual recommend correct tyre pressure and you need to strictly follow the same for flawless safe ride and enhanced fuel efficiency.
Avoid doing multi tasks while driving
. Never use a cell phone while driving even for seeing who is calling / reading a text. Do not do activities like applying makeup, adjusting your music system, combing your hairs, taking your coat off or changing clothes.
Listen music at a reasonable volume
. Music is good companion while driving, but keeping volume too loud or using earplugs or headphones while on the road can be distracting and can prevent you from hearing a warning or the siren of emergency vehicles. So enjoy the music at low volume.
Take care of children
. Put seat belts on your kids and use the child locks, quietly concentrate on the road regardless of how much they try to rile you up. It's also advisable to put sign board "Children on board", this will help other drivers to be extra careful.
. Unfortunately, there is no way to tell when the battery will die - sometimes it happens unexpectedly with no prior signs. However, if you feel that cranking speed is slower than before, the battery is probably close to its end. Check the battery condition visually. If you see any acid leaks, cracks or any other damage - replace the battery.
Suspension of Car
. Suspension of your car is something that you need to rely on in a long trip. In case you feel any vibration, irregular noise, knocking while driving over bumps? - Have your car inspected; there is definitely some problem.
. Does the car "wander" from side to side at highway speed? The steering wheel is out of center? Does the car pull aside? - Check the wheel alignment. Improper wheel alignment may easily cause a car to skid at a high speed.
. Often we ignore checking the spare tyre. Do check your spare tyre before making any long journey. Also, check if the jack is still working. If you have wheel locks installed, make sure you have the key and the wrench to open the wheel nuts.
. You must have a basic emergency kit for your car, it may include simple tool kit with screwdrivers, pliers and set of most common sockets.Consider also spare headlight bulb and a couple of fuses, a bottle of engine oil, windshield washer fluid and antifreeze, emergency stop sign or flares, duct tape, electrical tape, spare ignition key etc.
Rule out skidding
. Take precautions to rule out skidding during rainy seasons. Replace cracked tyres, check air pressure and make sure the wheels are properly balanced and aligned. This will prevent your car from skidding on a wet road.
Check the brakes
. Make sure that your car brakes are well-oiled and are working properly. You never know when you may have to hit the brakes on a wet, slippery road, also, don't speed in the rains and drive carefully to avoid any untoward incident.
. Do get a wax coating done just before the rains hit to protect your cars' paint from the falling rain. Alternate wet and dry spells can cause the paint to fade and peel.
Check headlights and taillights
. Ensure that your car headlights and taillights are working properly as during a heavy downpour, visibility is poor, not only for you but also for the driver behind you. Use blinkers in case of heavy rain , this will help to avoid any untoward incident.
. It's a common problem during winter and rainy season that there will be moisure accumulated on the screen. To clean this, turn your recirculation off and turn the vents to the windscreen, or Rolling the windows open at least a little will also help. Wait until the glass clears, then you can switch the blower back to normal. Use the wipers intermittently to clear misting on the outside.
Keep the front screen clear
. If you notice smudges on your screen, Get rid of them either with a microfiber cloth or newspaper, A soft cotton cloth will also do. Do not try clearing it with your bare hand, it will only make matters worse