atal bihari vajpayee

Bharatiya Janata Party

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Atal Bihari Vajpayee is an Indian statesman who was the eleventh Prime Minister of India.
Bharatiya Janata Party

Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Bihari also spelled Behari (born December 25, 1924, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India), leader of the pro Hindu Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and twice prime minister of India (1996; 1998?2004).Vajpayee was first elected to Parliament in 1957 as a member of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS), a forerunner of the BJP. In 1977 the BJS joined three other parties to form the Janata Party, which led a government that lasted until July 1979. As foreign minister in the Janata government, Vajpayee earned a reputation for improving relations with Pakistan and China. In 1980, following a split in the Janata Party, Vajpayee helped the BJS to reorganize itself as the BJP. In 1992 he was one of the few Hindu leaders to speak out against the destruction of the historic mosque at Ayodhya by anti Muslim extremists.

Vajpayee was sworn in as prime minister in May 1996 but was in office only 13 days, after failing to attract support from other parties. In early 1998 he again became prime minister, in elections in which the BJP won a record number of seats, but he was forced to make a shaky alliance with regional parties. In 1999 the BJP increased its seats in Parliament and consolidated its hold on government.Although considered a pragmatist, Vajpayee assumed a defiant posture in the face of Western criticism of Indias testing of several nuclear weapons in 1998. He had earlier been praised for his conciliatory gestures toward Indias Muslim minority. In 2000 his government began an extensive program of divestment of public funds from several key state run industries. In 2002 Vajpayees government was criticized for its slowness in reacting to riots in Gujarat in which some 1,000 people (primarily Muslims) died. Nevertheless, in 2003 Vajpayee made a concerted effort to resolve Indias long running feud with Pakistan over the Kashmir region. Under his leadership, India achieved steady economic growth, and the country became a world leader in information technology, though the poorer elements of Indian society often felt left out of the economic prosperity. In 2004 his coalition was defeated in the parliamentary election, and he resigned from office.


Travel and diplomatic assignments
Biography
Major Works
Personal Life Legacy
Childhood Early Life
Later career
Political Career
Career as the Prime Minister
Personal life and interests
Kargil War
2001 attack on Parliament
personal background
More ...

Test your English Language
Rules to play Bocce Ball
Rules to play Broomball
Rules to play Bull Fighting
Rules to play Bungee Jumping
Rules to play Caber Toss
Rules to play Canoeing
Rules to play Checkers
Rules to play Croquet
Rules to play Cross Country Running
Rules to play Cross Country Skiing
Greatest NBA Players of All Time
Best Places to Celebrate New Year
The Coolest Cars at Goodwoods
Pink Lakes of the World
Breathtaking Arabic Mehndi Designs
Tips to get ready for Foreign Trip
Benefits of Cinnamon
Precautions while using Cathode Ray Oscilloscope
Eye care tips for Computer users
The Exercise Commandments